Arne Ola Refsdal

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The results are based on the Norwegian Cattle Health Recording System, which has been in place for the entire country since 1975. The dairy breeds in Norway consist of 94% Norwegian Red and 4% crossbreeds with Norwegian Red. No other breed consists of more than 0.5% of the total population. During the past 30 yr, there have been 11,563,692 dairy cows within(More)
Declining reproductive performance is a serious breeding concern in many countries. To reveal the situation in Norwegian cattle, trends in reproductive performance were studied using insemination reports from 1985 to 2005 and data based on herd recording files from 1989 to 2005. The total number of first services was 469.765 in 1985 declining to 335.712 in(More)
The objectives of the study were to estimate pregnancy incidence and calving rate after first artificial insemination (AI) in Norwegian Red cows undergoing spontaneous estrus, to assess the relationship between pregnancy and management factors at herd or cow level, to evaluate differences between 60-d nonreturn rate (NRR60d) and pregnancy incidence, and to(More)
Twenty-eight Norwegian Red Cattle dairy cows were fed silage ad libitum and restricted amounts of concentrates. Blood samples were collected before morning feeding, once or twice weekly, from 2 weeks before to 12 weeks after calving. Parameters of liver function, carbohydrate status and fertility were recorded in order to assess their interrelationships.(More)
The relationship between milk fat progesterone concentration at first artificial insemination (AI) and reproductive performance of Norwegian Red Cattle dairy cows was investigated in a field study. Fifteen AI technicians collected milk samples from 2250 cows from 458 herds and progesterone was analysed in the milk fat portion of the samples. Logistic(More)
Hormones and antibiotics are important remedies in animal reproduction. Compared to other areas of application, hormones are probably more used than antibiotics. The quantities of hormones applied in cattle reproduction are largely dependent on whether these drugs are extensively used for pharmaceutical control of breeding or not. Diseased animals should be(More)
Two feeding experiments were carried out in 2 successive years with 28 cows of the Norwegian Red Cattle (NRF) in each experiment. The cows were randomly distributed into 4 groups and subjected to different feeding regimens from 1 month prior to calving until 12 weeks after calving. The experimental design was factorial (2 x 2) with respect to protein(More)
The objectives of the present study were to describe, in detail, behavior associated with standing estrus (STE) in lactating dairy cows and behavioral changes during complete estrous cycles. Estrus signs were monitored by continuous video recording of 20 Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows housed on an outdoor wood-chip pad during 1 estrous cycle (22 d). Other(More)
In cattle, a translocation of the Robertsonian type between the largest and smallest chromosome leads to a reduction in fertility. This is substantiated by reduced nonreturn rates in daughter groups of bulls carrying the 1 29 translocation and in the heterozygous bulls themselves. This reduction in fertility is thought to be due to the early death of(More)