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Reducing the interference noise in a monaural noisy speech signal has been a challenging task for many years. Compared to traditional unsupervised speech enhancement methods, e.g., Wiener filtering, supervised approaches, such as algorithms based on hidden Markov models (HMM), lead to higher-quality enhanced speech signals. However, the main practical(More)
In this letter the focus is on linear filtering of speech before degradation due to additive background noise. The goal is to design the filter such that the speech intelligibility index (SII) is maximized when the speech is played back in a known noisy environment. Moreover, a power constraint is taken into account to prevent uncomfortable playback levels(More)
In the framework of the European HearCom project, promising signal enhancement algorithms were developed and evaluated for future use in hearing instruments. To assess the algorithms' performance, five of the algorithms were selected and implemented on a common real-time hardware/software platform. Four test centers in Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, and(More)
Human skin color detection plays an important role in the applications of skin segmentation, face recognition, and tracking. To build a robust human skin color classifier is an essential step. This paper presents a classifier based on beta mixture models (BMM), which uses the pixel values in RGB space as the features. We propose a Bayesian estimation method(More)
Bayesian estimation of the parameters in beta mixture models (BMM) is analytically intractable. The numerical solutions to simulate the posterior distribution are available, but incur high computational cost. In this paper, we introduce an approximation to the prior/posterior distribution of the parameters in the beta distribution and propose an(More)
An efficient robust sound classification algorithm based on hidden Markov models is presented. The system would enable a hearing aid to automatically change its behavior for differing listening environments according to the user's preferences. This work attempts to distinguish between three listening environment categories: speech in traffic noise, speech(More)
This paper addresses the Bayesian estimation of the von-Mises Fisher (vMF) mixture model with variational inference (VI). The learning task in VI consists of optimization of the variational posterior distribution. However, the exact solution by VI does not lead to an analytically tractable solution due to the evaluation of intractable moments involving(More)
In the frame of the HearCom1 project five promising signal enhancement algorithms are validated for future use in hearing instrument devices. To assess the algorithm performance solely based on simulation experiments, a number of physical evaluation measures have been proposed that incorporate basic aspects of normal and impaired human hearing.(More)
Methodology is proposed for perceptual assessment of both subjective sound quality and speech recognition in such way that results can be compared between these two aspects. Validation is performed with a noise suppression system applied to hearing instruments. A method termed Interpolated Paired Comparison Rating (IPCR) was developed for time efficient(More)
Parameter estimation for the beta distribution is analytically intractable due to the integration expression in the normalization constant. For maximum likelihood estimation, numerical methods can be used to calculate the parameters. For Bayesian estimation, we can utilize different approximations to the posterior parameter distribution. A method based on(More)