Arne K. Sandvik

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Ghrelin is a 28 a.a. gastric peptide, recently identified as a natural ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (orphan receptor distinct from the receptor for growth hormone releasing hormone). In the present study, radioimmunoassay demonstrated ghrelin-like material in the rat oxyntic mucosa with moderate amounts also in antrum and duodenum.(More)
Modern biology has shifted from "one gene" approaches to methods for genomic-scale analysis like microarray technology, which allow simultaneous measurement of thousands of genes. This has created a need for tools facilitating interpretation of biological data in "batch" mode. However, such tools often leave the investigator with large volumes of apparently(More)
Targeting growth-regulatory pathways is a promising approach in cancer treatment. A prerequisite to the development of such therapies is characterisation of tumour growth regulation in the particular tumour cell type of interest. In order to gain insight into molecular mechanisms underlying proliferative responses in neuroendocrine (NE) gastrointestinal(More)
Enterochromaffin (EC) cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine cell system secrete serotonin (5-HT) with activation of gut motility, secretion, and pain. These cells express adenosine (ADORA) receptors and are considered to function as mechanosensors. Physiological pathways mediating mechanosensitivity and adenosine responsiveness remain to be fully elucidated,(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing between neuroendocrine carcinoma and adenocarcinoma may be difficult. METHODS In the current prospective study blood and tumor tissue from patients with gastric carcinoma were collected. The tissue was fixed in different ways to allow examination for neuroendocrine markers by multiple methods such as various histochemical and(More)
BACKGROUND The interrelationship between histamine and gastrin in the physiological regulation of gastric acid secretion is still a matter of dispute. CCK-2 receptors are located on enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells in corpus mucosa and gastrin stimulates acid production by releasing histamine from the ECL cells, which in turn stimulates the parietal cells.(More)
The conversion of histidine to histamine by histidine decarboxylase (HDC) is of central importance in the control of vertebrate acid secretion. We have used PCR-generated probes to study the regulation of HDC gene expression in rat fundic mucosa. When circulating gastrin levels were lowered by fasting or elevated by treatment with omeprazole, there were(More)
We introduce a methodology for inducing predictive rule models for functional classification of gene expressions from microarray hybridisation experiments. The basic learning method is the rough set framework for rule induction. The methodology is different from the commonly used unsupervised clustering approaches in that it exploits background knowledge of(More)
The aim of the present study was to generate hypotheses on the involvement of uncharacterized genes in biological processes. To this end, supervised learning was used to analyze microarray-derived time-series gene expression data. Our method was objectively evaluated on known genes using cross-validation and provided high-precision Gene Ontology biological(More)
The nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of epithelial homeostasis and has also been postulated to play a role in tumorigenesis. We provide evidence that proper innervation is critical at all stages of gastric tumorigenesis. In three separate mouse models of gastric cancer, surgical or pharmacological denervation of the stomach(More)