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The imaginary part of coherency is a measure to investigate the synchronization of brain sources on the EEG/MEG sensor level, robust to artifacts of volume conduction meaning that independent sources cannot generate a significant result. It does not mean, however, that volume conduction is irrelevant when true interactions are present. Here, we analyze in(More)
In the present study we investigate the communication of different large scale brain sites during an overt language production task with state of the art methods for the estimation of EEG functional connectivity. Participants performed a semantic blocking task in which objects were named in semantically homogeneous blocks of trials consisting of members of(More)
Due to its high temporal resolution, electroencephalography (EEG) is widely used to study functional and effective brain connectivity. Yet, there is currently a mismatch between the vastness of studies conducted and the degree to which the employed analyses are theoretically understood and empirically validated. We here provide a simulation framework that(More)
To address the problem of mixing in EEG or MEG connectivity analysis we exploit that noninteracting brain sources do not contribute systematically to the imaginary part of the cross-spectrum. Firstly, we propose to apply the existing subspace method "RAP-MUSIC" to the subspace found from the dominant singular vectors of the imaginary part of the(More)
The investigation of functional neuronal synchronization has recently become a growing field of research. With high temporal resolution, electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography are well-suited measurement techniques to identify networks of interacting sources underlying the recorded data. The analysis of the data in terms of effective(More)
MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) is a standard localization method which is based on the idea of dividing the vector space of the data into two subspaces: signal subspace and noise subspace. The brain, divided into several grid points, is scanned entirely and the grid point with the maximum consistency with the signal subspace is considered as the(More)
Driver distraction is responsible for a substantial number of traffic accidents. This paper describes the impact of an auditory secondary task on drivers' mental states during a primary driving task. N=20 participants performed the test procedure in a car following task with repeated forced braking on a non-public test track. Performance measures (provoked(More)
Considering that many biological systems including the brain are complex non-linear systems, suitable methods capable of detecting these non-linearities are required to study the dynamical properties of these systems. One of these tools is the third order cummulant or cross-bispectrum, which is a measure of interfrequency interactions between three signals.(More)
We introduce a novel method to estimate bivariate synchronization, i.e. interacting brain sources at a specific frequency or band, from MEG or EEG data robust to artifacts of volume conduction. The data driven calculation is solely based on the imaginary part of the cross-spectrum as opposed to the imaginary part of coherency. In principle, the method(More)
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