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OBJECTIVES To measure the serum concentrations of lamotrigine throughout a complete menstrual cycle. METHODS Serum concentrations of lamotrigine, estradiol, and progestogen throughout a menstrual cycle were measured in 2 young women not using hormonal contraception. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS The physiological hormonal fluctuations during an ovulatory(More)
Efficient prevention of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) requires knowledge about their severity and pharmacological mechanisms and is dependent on reliable data on their frequencies and possible risk factors. The study was conducted to investigate the prescribers' experience and understanding of the ADRs of psychotropic drugs, and their attitude towards(More)
PURPOSE To investigate changes in levetiracetam (LEV) serum concentration/dose ratio (C/D-ratio) in relation to pregnancy. METHODS Altogether 21 consecutive pregnancies in 20 women with epilepsy receiving LEV during gestation were studied retrospectively. The main target variable was the C/D-ratio before and during pregnancy, and in the post partum(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the physiological mechanisms behind the pronounced decline of lamotrigine (LTG) serum concentrations during pregnancy. METHODS Serum and urine concentrations of LTG and its main metabolite, LTG-N2-glucuronide (LTG-GLUC), were measured monthly in 21 pregnancies of 19 women using LTG. Simultaneously, a panel of biochemical variables(More)
We present a systematic study on the interaction potential of lamotrigine, with focus on psychoactive drugs. A review of routine serum concentration measurements of lamotrigine performed in our laboratory yielded a total of 1733 serum samples from 829 patients (530 women, 299 men) suitable for statistical analysis. Main results for the whole study(More)
The main concerns associated with epilepsy during pregnancy consist of maternal and fetal risks from uncontrolled seizures, and harmful effects of the treatment on the development of the offspring. Although seizure control is maintained in the majority, worsening occurs in a fraction of childbearing women with epilepsy. As multiple factors associated with(More)
The gene encoding uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A4 shows considerable polymorphism. Several common drugs are metabolised by UGT1A4, among them lamotrigine (LTG). Experimental and clinical studies suggest that certain variants of UGT1A4 are associated with altered enzyme activity. However, results are conflicting. This clinical study(More)
When treating pregnant women with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), clinicians have to balance potential fetal adverse effects against the risks of uncontrolled maternal disease. Only recently have emerging scientic data provided a rational basis for treatment decisions considering both aspects. The focus of research is currently moving from the first to the(More)
Caffeine acts as a central nervous stimulant by blocking A1 and A2A adenosine receptors. Its effect on seizures is complex. Animal studies and case reports indicate that acute caffeine exposure may induce seizures, whereas chronic exposure might have an opposite effect. Patients acutely hospitalized for seizures (n = 174) were asked for their consumption of(More)
A chemoenzymatic approach towards benzoylated uronic acid building blocks has been investigated starting with benzoylated hexapyranosides using regioselective C-6 enzymatic hydrolysis as the key step. Two of the building blocks were reacted with the antiepileptic drug lamotrigine. Glucuronidation of lamotrigine using methyl(More)