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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are frequent vascular abnormalities caused by mutations in one of the CCM genes. CCM1 (also known as KRIT1) stabilizes endothelial junctions and is essential for vascular morphogenesis in mouse embryos. However, cellular functions of CCM1 during the early steps of the CCM pathogenesis remain unknown. We show here that(More)
Angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) is a key regulator of angiogenesis that exerts context-dependent effects on ECs. ANG-2 binds the endothelial-specific receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (TIE2) and acts as a negative regulator of ANG-1/TIE2 signaling during angiogenesis, thereby controlling the responsiveness of ECs to exogenous cytokines. Recent data from tumors indicate(More)
The complexity of the angiogenic cascade limits cellular approaches to studying angiogenic endothelial cells (ECs). In turn, in vivo assays do not allow the analysis of the distinct cellular behavior of ECs during angiogenesis. Here we show that ECs can be grafted as spheroids into a matrix to give rise to a complex three-dimensional network of human(More)
Shannon and Smith (1) found that in normal man, the rate of excretion of inulin was directly proportional to its concentration in plasma when the latter varied from 50 to 400 mg. per cent. Later Miller, Alving, and Rubin (2). extended these observations to plasma concentrations of inulin between 3 and 96 mg. per cent and reached similar conclusions. Both(More)
The Tie receptors with their Angiopoietin ligands act as regulators of angiogenesis and vessel maturation. Tie2 exerts its functions through its supposed endothelial-specific expression. Yet, Tie2 is also expressed at lower levels by pericytes and it has not been unravelled through which mechanisms pericyte Angiopoietin/Tie signalling affects angiogenesis.(More)
The study of angiogenic endothelial cells (ECs) has in recent years greatly stimulated multiple fields of vascular biology research. A number of cellular models and numerous complex developmental, manipulatory and tumor animal models have been developed to study angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. To connect the versatility of cellular assays with the(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) specifically home to sites of malignant growth, rendering them attractive for anti-cancer therapies. Data are conflicting on the phenotype and quantitative contribution toward tumor angiogenesis based on differing culture assays to outgrow EPCs. To evaluate the origin and early phenotype of EPCs and to(More)
RATIONALE The ICAP1 (integrin cytoplasmic domain-associated protein-1) is a specific intracellular binding protein of beta1-integrins and the cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) protein CCM1. ICAP1 recruits CCM1 to the cell membrane and activates CCM1 by changing its conformation. Because CCM1 plays a critical role for cardiovascular development, we(More)
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