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The major cold-shock protein of Bacillus subtilis, CspB, is a member of a protein family widespread among prokaryotes and eukaryotes that share the highly conserved cold-shock domain (CSD). The CSD domain is involved in transcriptional and translational regulation and was shown to bind the Y-box motif, a cis-element that contains the core sequence ATTGG,(More)
The cold-shock domain (CSD) is found in many eukaryotic transcriptional factors and is responsible for the specific binding to DNA of a cis-element called the Y-box. The same domain exists in the sequence of the Xenopus RNA-binding proteins FRG Y1 and FRG Y2 (refs 1, 3). The major cold-shock proteins of Escherichia coli (CS7.4) and B. subtilis (CspB) have(More)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the Rho family of GTPases contain a Dbl homology (DH) domain responsible for catalysis and a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain whose function is unknown. Here we describe the solution structure of the N-terminal DH domain of Trio that catalyzes nucleotide exchange for Rac1. The all-alpha-helical protein has a very(More)
Cytohesin-1 (B2-1) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for human ADP ribosylation factor (Arf) GTPases, which are important for vesicular protein trafficking and coatamer assembly in the cell. Cytohesin-1 also has been reported to promote cellular adhesion via binding to the beta2 integrin cytoplasmic domain. The solution structure of the Sec7 domain of(More)
The Erm family of methyltransferases is responsible for the development of resistance to the macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin type B (MLS) antibiotics. These enzymes methylate an adenine of 23S ribosomal RNA that prevents the MLS antibiotics from binding to the ribosome and exhibiting their antibacterial activity. Here we describe the three-dimensional(More)
The three-dimensional structure of domain 2 of severin in aqueous solution was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Severin is a Ca(2+)-activated actin-binding protein that servers F-actin, nucleates actin assembly, and caps the fast-growing ends of actin filaments. The 114-residue domain consists of a central five-stranded beta-sheet,(More)
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