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We provide a robust and detailed annotation scheme for information status, which is easy to use, follows a semantic rather than cogni-tive motivation, and achieves reasonable inter-annotator scores. Our annotation scheme is based on two main assumptions: firstly, that information status strongly depends on (in)definiteness, and secondly, that it ought to be(More)
We investigate the influence of information status (IS) on constituent order in Ger-man, and integrate our findings into a log-linear surface realisation ranking model. We show that the distribution of pairs of IS categories is strongly asymmetric. Moreover , each category is correlated with mor-phosyntactic features, which can be automatically detected. We(More)
We discuss and combine representation formats for discourse structure, in particular 'd-trees' from QUD theory and SDRT graphs. QUD trees are derived from SDRT graphs, while changes must apply to QUD theory in order to allow for representations of naturalistic data. We discuss whether QUDs can replace discourse relations. We apply a new method for the(More)
The main objective of the paper is to show that for an adequate analysis of an item's information status in spoken language two levels of givenness have to be investigated: a referential and a lexical level. This separation is a crucial step towards our goal to arrive at the best possible classification of nominal expressions occurring in natural discourse(More)
In this paper we present DIRNDL, an annotated corpus resource comprising syntactic annotations as well as information status labels and prosodic information. We introduce each annotation layer and then focus on the linking of the data in a standoff approach. The corpus is based on data from radio news broadcasts , i.e. two sets of primary data: spoken radio(More)
This paper provides an account of the distribution and interpretation of polarity particles in responses, starting with yes and no in English, and then extending the coverage to their crosslinguistic kin. Polarity particles are used in responses to both declarative and interrogative sentences, and thus provide a window onto the semantics and discourse(More)