Arndt Karschin

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B-type receptors for the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) inhibit neuronal activity through G-protein-coupled second-messenger systems, which regulate the release of neurotransmitters and the activity of ion channels and adenylyl cyclase. Physiological and biochemical studies show that there are differences in drug efficiencies at different(More)
Tandem pore domain acid-sensitive K(+) channel 3 (TASK-3) is a new member of the tandem pore domain potassium channel family. A cDNA encoding a 365- amino acid polypeptide with four putative transmembrane segments and two pore regions was isolated from guinea pig brain. An orthologous sequence was cloned from a human genomic library. Although TASK-3 is 62%(More)
Molecular cloning together with functional characterization has shown that the newly identified family of inwardly rectifying K+ channels consists of several closely related members encoded by separate genes. In this report we demonstrate the differential mRNA expression and detailed cellular localization in the adult rat brain of seven members of the IRK(More)
Two cDNAs encoding novel K(+) channels, THIK-1 and THIK-2 (tandem pore domain halothane inhibited K(+) channel), were isolated from rat brain. The proteins of 405 and 430 amino acids were 58% identical to each other. Homology analysis showed that the novel channels form a separate subfamily among tandem pore domain K(+) channels. The genes of the human(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid type B receptors (GABABRs) are involved in the fine tuning of inhibitory synaptic transmission. Presynaptic GABABRs inhibit neurotransmitter release by down-regulating high-voltage activated Ca2+ channels, whereas postsynaptic GABABRs decrease neuronal excitability by activating a prominent inwardly rectifying K+ (Kir) conductance(More)
Glutamatergic neurotransmission is controlled by presynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). A subdomain in the intracellular carboxyl-terminal tail of group III mGluRs binds calmodulin and heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate-binding protein (G protein) betagamma subunits in a mutually exclusive manner. Mutations interfering with calmodulin(More)
Wild-type and mutant serotonin 1A receptors were transiently expressed in COS-7 cells using the infection-transfection variant of the vaccinia virus/T7 polymerase vector system. The amino acid substitutions in the transmembrane regions, Asp82-->Asn82, Asp116-->Asn116, and Ser198-->Ala198 all resulted in a decrease in affinity for 5-HT by 60-100-fold,(More)
TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) (TASK) channels contribute to setting the resting potential of mammalian neurons and have recently been defined as molecular targets for extracellular protons and volatile anesthetics. We have isolated a novel member of this subfamily, hTASK-5, from a human genomic library and mapped it to chromosomal region 20q12-20q13.(More)
1. Bipolar cells were isolated from adult rat retinas after enzymatic and mechanical treatment. The cells could be unequivocally identified from their morphology because of high retention of their axon and dendritic processes after isolation. 2. Protein kinase C (PKC) immunoreactivity performed on sections of the rat retina labeled rod bipolar cells and a(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ channels comprise a complex of at least two proteins: a member of the inwardly rectifying Kir6 family (e.g. Kir6.2) and a sulphonylurea receptor (e.g. SUR1) which belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily. Using specific radiolabeled antisense oligonucleotides, the cellular localization of both mRNAs was investigated in the(More)