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Fundamental processes influencing human growth can be revealed by studying extreme short stature. Using genetic linkage analysis, we find that biallelic loss-of-function mutations in the centrosomal pericentrin (PCNT) gene on chromosome 21q22.3 cause microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II (MOPD II) in 25 patients. Adults with this rare(More)
Cerebral processing of itch-scratching cycles was studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers. The back of the hand was repetitively scratched in the absence and presence of itch induced by histamine applied close to the scratched site. Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) effects were assessed in predefined cortical(More)
Pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (PCSE) is a widely used model to study neurodegeneration in limbic structures after prolonged epileptic seizures. However, mechanisms mediating neuronal cell death in this model require further characterization. Examining the expression time course and spatial distribution of activated caspase-3, we sought to determine(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to investigate the contributions of magnetoencephalography (MEG) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative patients. METHODS A total of 18 MRI-negative patients diagnosed with refractory epilepsy, subjected to MEG investigation, and subsequently underwent surgery were selected for retrospective analysis. A 1.5-tesla Magnetom(More)
Gray matter abnormalities have been found in anorexia nervosa (AN) in several brain regions. However, little is known about white matter abnormalities under the condition of AN. To comprehensively assess the microstructural integrity of white matter pathways in women with anorexia nervosa, we performed voxel-based Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). 21 women(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to analyze magnetoencephalography (MEG) localizations of epileptic clusters in different cortical regions of the frontal lobe and relate these findings to postoperative outcomes associated with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Thirty-nine patients from the Epilepsy Center of Erlangen-Nuremberg University with or without(More)
Epilepsy surgery is an established therapy for pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. This study investigated the contribution of routinely used magnetoencepahlography (MEG) in addition to long term video-EEG-monitoring in presurgical evaluation. The distribution of localization results to anatomical lobes was compared with special focus to MEG spike(More)
OBJECT Indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography (VA) in cerebral aneurysm surgery allows confirmation of blood flow in parent, branching, and perforating vessels as well as assessment of remnant aneurysm parts after clip application. A retrospective analysis and review of the literature were conducted to determine the current essential advantages of ICG-VA(More)
PURPOSE After focal status epilepticus, focal alterations of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) have been demonstrated in the epileptogenic zone by using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR)imaging (DWI). Effects of flumazenil on an epileptogenic focus have been demonstrated by EEG recordings, but not by functional MRI. We hypothesized that(More)
Cases of cerebellar agenesis are rare. The degree of motor impairment is a matter of discussion. It has been claimed that normal motor function can be observed. Detailed descriptions of neurological findings, however, are lacking. Neuropsychological testing in cerebellar agenesis is of additional interest based on recent findings of impaired non-motor(More)