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Cerebral processing of itch-scratching cycles was studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers. The back of the hand was repetitively scratched in the absence and presence of itch induced by histamine applied close to the scratched site. Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) effects were assessed in predefined cortical(More)
Unravelling the impact of genetic variants on clinical phenotypes is a challenging task. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) play an important role in cell growth, regeneration, synaptic plasticity, learning and memory processes. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of BDNF Val66Met- and ApoE-polymorphisms(More)
The insula plays a key role in brain processing of noxious and innocuous thermal stimuli. The anterior and the posterior portions of the insular cortex are involved in different ways in nociceptive and thermoceptive processing. Therefore, their stimulus-specific functional connectivity may also differ. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
There has been a consistent gap in understanding how TNF-α neutralization affects the disease state of arthritis patients so rapidly, considering that joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition with structural changes. We thus hypothesized that neutralization of TNF-α acts through the CNS before directly affecting joint inflammation.(More)
Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy affecting the entire visual system. The understanding of the glaucoma mechanism and causes remains unresolved. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been used to analyze the optic nerve and optic radiation showing global fiber abnormalities associated with glaucoma. Nevertheless, the complex structure of the optic radiation and(More)
Epilepsy surgery is an established therapy for pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. This study investigated the contribution of routinely used magnetoencepahlography (MEG) in addition to long term video-EEG-monitoring in presurgical evaluation. The distribution of localization results to anatomical lobes was compared with special focus to MEG spike(More)
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is the major genetic risk factor for the development of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD), whereas the presence of the APOE ε2 allele seems to confer protection. Here, we report that healthy young APOE ε4 carriers have statistically significantly smaller hippocampal volumes than APOE ε2 carriers, while no differences(More)
BACKGROUND In glaucoma, damage of retinal ganglion cells may continue to the linked optic radiations. This study investigates the correlation of glaucoma severity indicators with parameters of axonal and myelin integrity of the optic radiations. METHODS In this observational case-control study, 13 patients with normal-tension glaucoma, 13 patients with(More)
Purpose of this study was to evaluate with diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) changes of radial diffusivity (RD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) in the optic nerve (ON) and optic radiation (OR) in glaucoma and to determine whether changes in RD and FA correlate with disease severity. Therefore, glaucoma patients and controls were examined using 3T. Regions of(More)