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In this study, an original psychometric procedure was used in order to characterize in more detail than in previous studies the different perceptual components of tinnitus, i.e. auditory sensations which are perceived in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus. Ten subjects with chronic tinnitus were asked to rate on a numeric scale the(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional organization of the auditory cortex for pure tones of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 kHz. Ten subjects were tested with a whole-head magnetometer (151 channels). The location, latency and amplitude of the generators of the N1m (the main component of the response, peaking approximately at 100 ms) were(More)
The inner ear contains receptor cells that oscillate spontaneously, generating waves that propagate backward in the cochlea, ultimately causing sound to be radiated into the ear canal--the spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs). Except in rare conditions, these internally generated signals appear to go unheard. The intensity of SOAEs admittedly hovers(More)
A current idea about the persistence of tinnitus is that fixation of this phantom auditory perception in the central auditory system may be influenced by attention to it. The present study investigated the mechanisms of involuntary attention and analysed performance in categorising sounds in tinnitus, simulated-tinnitus and control subjects. The sounds were(More)
Earlier data in the literature have shown local improvements in frequency discrimination performance near the cut-off frequency of steeply sloping, high-frequency hearing loss in subjects with cochlear damage. The general objective of the present study was to characterize further the relationships between this effect and various audiometric variables:(More)
A broad consensus within the neuroscience of tinnitus holds that this audiologic condition is triggered by central deafferentation, mostly due to cochlear damage. The absence of audiometrically detectable hearing loss however poses a challenge to this rather generalizing assumption. The aim of this study was therefore to scrutinize cochlear functioning in a(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study are to identify the presence of tinnitus and classify its different forms, in terms of changes in noise. METHODS Late auditory evoked responses (LAERs) were recorded from Fz in response to 1000 Hz tone bursts of various intensities, in 13 tinnitus-free subjects and in 25 tinnitus sufferers (16 bilateral and 9(More)
Animal research has shown that loss of normal acoustic stimulation can increase spontaneous firing in the central auditory system and induce cortical map plasticity. Enriched acoustic environment after noise trauma prevents map plasticity and abolishes neural signs of tinnitus. In humans, the tinnitus spectrum overlaps with the area of hearing loss. Based(More)
CONCLUSION This paper reviews psychoacoustical and electrophysiological evidence for reorganization of the human central auditory system in case of auditory deprivation and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE To investigate the plasticity of cortical tonotopic maps in cochlear-damaged subjects. METHODS Frequency discrimination scores were analysed in subjects(More)
Deprivation from normal sensory input has been shown to alter tonotopic organization of the human auditory cortex. In this context, cochlear implant subjects provide an interesting model in that profound deafness is made partially reversible by the cochlear implant. In restoring afferent activity, cochlear implantation may also reverse some of the central(More)