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We evaluated the neuroprotective effect of MK-801, a noncompetitive, selective N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, in a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic animal model. Seven-day-old rats underwent bilateral ligation of the carotid arteries followed by exposure to an 8% oxygen atmosphere for 1 hr. We sacrificed the animals 72 hrs later and assessed the(More)
[3H]MK-801 binding sites are present in neonate rat brain as early as 3 days after birth. Immature hippocampus and cortex contain approximately one sixth the concentration of binding sites of the adult, while brainstem concentration is twice as high as that of adult. [3H]MK-801 binding is stimulated by glutamate and glycine and blocked by phencyclidine and(More)
To determine the biochemical basis of decreased brain uptake of glucose with age, the brain influx of 3-O-methylglucose (3-O-MG) was measured in male Fischer 344 rats at various ages using the arterial injection-tissue sampling technique of Oldendorf. The Vmax of 3-O-MG transport in the 24-month-old rats (0.22 +/- 0.14 mumol/min/g) was significantly lower(More)
Measurement of cholinergic muscarinic receptor binding in various rat brain areas using the ligand [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate indicates that receptor binding is decreased in striatum and cerebellum of aged female rats (22 months old) as compared to younger rats (4 months old). Decreases were not observed in cortex, hippocampus, hypothalamus, or amygdala(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is present within cerebrovascular endothelial cells in a distinct membrane-bound juxtanuclear location. The enzyme product, nitric oxide, causes vasodilation as well as stimulation of ADP-ribosylations of some proteins. The activity of specific stimulatory ADP-ribosylation factors, associated with the Golgi complex (GC), has been(More)
beta-Carboline (norharman) has been shown to produce kindled seizures when given systemically for long periods of time. The expression of the kindled seizure activity can be blocked by ligands of the benzodiazepine receptor suggesting the receptor as a site of vulnerability in the kindling mechanism. The present data show that Ro 15-1788, a receptor(More)
Holtzman rats were implanted with a chemitrode into the left basolateral amygdala, which could then be stimulated electrically (400 microA, 1 s, AC) or chemically by injection of carbachol (1 microliter, 2.7 nmoles, sterile, isotonic). Group A received a daily injection of carbachol and developed kindled seizures. Group B received carbachol mixed with(More)