Arnaud Guével

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Exercise-induced fatigue causes changes within the central nervous system that decrease force production capacity in fatigued muscles. The impact on unrelated, non-exercised muscle performance is still unclear. The primary aim of this study was to examine the impact of a bilateral forearm muscle contraction on the motor function of the distal and unrelated(More)
OBJECTIVES This review aims to define the concept of neuromuscular fatigue and to present the current knowledge of the central and peripheral factors at the origin of this phenomenon. This review also addresses the literature that focuses on the mechanisms responsible for the adaption to neuromuscular fatigue. METHOD One hundred and eighty-two articles(More)
Electromechanical delay (EMD) represents the time lag between muscle activation and muscle force production and is used to assess muscle function in healthy and pathological subjects. There is no experimental methodology to quantify the actual contribution of each series elastic component structures that together contribute to the EMD. We designed the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare neuromuscular adaptations induced by work-matched isoload (IL) versus isokinetic (IK) eccentric resistance training. METHODS A total of 31 healthy subjects completed a 9-wk IL (n = 11) or IK (n = 10) training program for the knee extensors or did not train (control group; n = 10). The IL and IK programs(More)
Our aim was to determine whether muscle synergies are similar across trained cyclists (and thus whether the same locomotor strategies for pedaling are used), despite interindividual variability of individual EMG patterns. Nine trained cyclists were tested during a constant-load pedaling exercise performed at 80% of maximal power. Surface EMG signals were(More)
The rules of competitive boardsailing events were changed before the Atlanta Olympic Games. Pumping the sail (pulling repeatedly on the rig) is now allowed and the duration of races has been shortened. Eight members of the French national team (mean age 23+/-2.7 years) participated in this study. Their cardiac and metabolic responses were assessed by(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether and how young participants modulate their postural response to compensate for postural muscle fatigue during predictable but externally initiated continuous and oscillatory perturbations. Twelve participants performed ten postural trials before and after an ankle muscle fatigue protocol. Each postural trial was(More)
The present study aimed to compare muscle architecture and electromyographic activity during isotonic (IT) and isokinetic (IK) knee extensors eccentric contractions. Seventeen subjects were assigned in test and reproducibility groups. During test session, subjects performed two IT and two IK sets of eccentric contractions of knee extensor muscles. Torque,(More)
This study analysed the muscle activity levels and patterns of the major thigh muscle activation during training sections at different intensities of on-water rowing. 9 experienced rowers performed 2 imposed-pace sections (B1 and B2) and 2 maximal-speed sections (start, 500 m) of on-water rowing. The knee angle, power output, mean torque and stroke rate(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether expertise in rowing is driven by a specific structure in muscular coordination. We compared seven experienced rowers and eight untrained (i.e., inexperienced) subjects during rowing on an ergometer. Both surface electromyography activity and mechanical patterns (forces exerted at the handle and the(More)