Arnaud Garnier

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare complement-mediated kidney disease that was first recognized in children but also affects adults. This study assessed the disease presentation and outcome in a nationwide cohort of patients with aHUS according to the age at onset and the underlying complement abnormalities. (More)
Rituximab (RTX) has recently showed promising results in the treatment of steroid-dependent idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). This was a retrospective multicenter study of 18 children treated with RTX for SDNS, with a mean follow-up of 3.2 years. RTX was introduced because of side effects or relapses during therapy with immunosuppressive agents. The(More)
Diarrhoea in transplantation may be secondary to infectious agents and immunosuppressive drugs. The use of combined immunosuppressive drugs increases the incidence of infectious diarrhoea. We retrospectively collected all diarrhoea episodes during a 3-year period in 199 pediatric renal transplant recipients, including 47 patients receiving a kidney(More)
Plasmatherapy has become empirically first-line treatment in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), although no prospective controlled trials have been conducted. Patients with mutations that induce complete or partial factor H (FH) quantitative deficiency may be controlled by plasma infusions (PI), but plasma exchanges appear more efficient than PI in(More)
Brachytelephalangic chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX1, OMIM: #302950) is a rare congenital skeletal dysplasia caused by arylsulfatase E deficiency (OMIM: #300180). Although the symptoms are usually mild, severe spinal cord compression by dysplastic vertebras may develop. We report four new cases with severe cervical spinal canal narrowing documented by(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome that has progressed a great deal over the last 20 years. The decrease in urine output and the increase in classical renal biomarkers, such as blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine, have largely been used as surrogate markers for decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which defines AKI. However, using such(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney recipients maintaining a prolonged allograft survival in the absence of immunosuppressive drugs and without evidence of rejection are supposed to be exceptional. The ERA-EDTA-DESCARTES working group together with Nantes University launched a European-wide survey to identify new patients, describe them and estimate their frequency for the(More)
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is the most frequent glomerular disease during childhood. Although immunosuppressive agents are usually effective, some severe cases remain difficult to treat. We describe a female patient with secondary steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome who no longer responded to conventional treatment. Owing to cyclosporine toxicity,(More)
Steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) is classically thought to be a T-cell disorder. The aim of this study was to examine whether or not thymus homeostasis was affected in SSNS. Mature and naive T cell recent thymic emigrants were quantified in the peripheral blood of nephrotic patients and controls. Because the generation of new T cells by the(More)
HNF1B-related disease is an emerging condition characterized by an autosomal-dominant inheritance, a 50% rate of de novo mutations, and a highly variable phenotype (renal involvement, maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 5, pancreatic hypoplasia, and urogenital tract and liver test abnormalities). Given the current lack of pathognomonic characteristics(More)