Arnaud Decamps

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OBJECTIVES to investigate blood markers of oxidative stress, and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in normally nourished elderly people with Alzheimer's disease. DESIGN case-control study. SUBJECTS twenty patients with Alzheimer's disease and 23 elderly control subjects, living at home, free from disease and not undergoing any treatment known to(More)
The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence of dementia using the data of the Paquid cohort. A sample of 3,149 subjects aged 65 years and older living at home or in institution was randomly chosen in Gironde (France). A questionnaire and psychometric tests were used to evaluate cognitive functioning and the presence of dementia was assessed(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in older French subjects and to examine the different aspects of quality of life in an older diabetic population. DESIGN From a random sample of 2792 people older than age 65 living in the community, a diabetic sample was selected using three items from a questionnaire: Are you diabetic? Are you(More)
OBJECTIVES Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is now easily used in the event of long-term enteral nutrition. Tolerance of long-term enteral feeding has been documented in different populations but the documentation is incomplete in the case of older and frail people. Our aim was to describe early and late tolerance in this population, and to propose(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to determine the phosphorylated metabolite content in the liver of elderly patients in various nutritional states: normal, with protein deprivation, and with acute inflammatory syndrome. 31P-MRS investigations were performed at 1.5 T, and localized liver spectra were recorded using a two-dimensional chemical(More)
A survey was made of 2,792 subjects aged 65 and older living in the community of Gironde (South-Western France). The predictive value of the Mini-Mental state examination (MMS) as a screening instrument for the detection of cognitive impairment was tested against DSM-III criteria for dementing syndromes. Of the 2,792 subjects who consented to participate in(More)
The superficial peroneal nerve from 46 elderly patients was studied by light and electron microscopy. Like most elderly people, these patients displayed evidence of varying degrees of peripheral nervous system dysfunction, but they were not suffering from any disease known to alter the peripheral nerve. A quantitative study showed that myelinated fiber loss(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (subclinical or undiagnosed hypothyroidism) in a representative sample of a community-living elderly population and to examine the relationships with cognitive functions and depressive symptoms. An epidemiological study was made of a cohort of 2792(More)
BACKGROUND In geriatric institutions, diabetes prevalence varies from 10 to 20%. However, little is known about patterns of care and their outcomes. To assess both, an 18-month prospective audit was conducted in 240-bed nursing and 80-bed residential care homes. METHODS In diabetic subjects, items of care were compared to the corresponding French(More)