Arnaud Constantin

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INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic disease of unknown etiology. HLA-DRB1 alleles encoding the shared epitope (SE) (RAA amino acid pattern in positions 72 to 74 of the third hypervariable region of the DRbeta1 chain) are associated with RA susceptibility. A new classification of HLA-DRB1 SE alleles has been developed by Tezenas du(More)
In chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation acts as an independent cardiovascular risk factor and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFalpha), may decrease this risk. The phagocytosis of oxidized low density lipoproteins (LDLs) accumulated in the subendothelium by mononuclear(More)
A strong association between an interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) gene polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility and severity has been reported in a case-control study. We investigated this polymorphism in 103 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis and 130 controls. Severity of rheumatoid arthritis was measured after 4-year follow-up with a(More)
The HLA-DRB1 gene was reported to be associated with anticitrullinated protein/peptide autoantibody (ACPA) production in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A new classification of HLA-DRB1 alleles, reshaping the shared epitope (SE) hypothesis, was recently found relevant in terms of RA susceptibility and structural severity. We investigated the relevance(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the ability of antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP2), against mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and against citrullinated fibrinogen (AhFibA) to predict 1 year rapid radiographic progression (RRP; total Sharp score variation ≥5 points), in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS We analysed 566(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the risk of serious adverse events, serious infections and death caused by methotrexate and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) combination therapy versus a bDMARD prescribed as monotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS A systematic literature review was conducted until February 2016 in PubMed, Embase and(More)
OBJECTIVES The RANK/RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system plays a central role in the pathogenesis of bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to test the association between 11 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on RANK, RANKL and OPG genes and anticitrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) presence or erosions in RA. (More)
BACKGROUND Anti TNF drugs have been widely used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but only 70 to 80 % of patients respond to this therapy. Exploring the mode of action of anti-TNF drugs remains important in order to improve the efficiency of the treatment and enhance our knowledge of inflammation. TNF-α exists as classical soluble cytokine as well as(More)
Limited mouth opening (LMO) is a frequent complication of systemic sclerosis (SS). Its management is complex and there are limited treatment options. We report four patients with SS and severe LMO [interincisal distance (IID) <30 mm] treated with pulsed carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. Pulsed CO2 laser treatment of the white lips was performed after all patients(More)