Arnaud Constantin

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Biotherapies have revolutionized the treatment of RA. However, much work is needed to understand all the mechanisms of these biotherapies, and alternatives are needed to circumvent adverse effects and the high cost of these long-lasting treatments. In this article we outline some of the approaches we have used to target monocytes/macrophages as major(More)
OBJECTIVE TNF blockers have been recently evaluated for treating refractory sarcoidosis and could be efficient. However, several cases of sarcoidosis have been diagnosed during anti-TNF therapy. Here, we report the largest series of sarcoid-like granulomatosis following TNF blocker treatment. METHODS A call for observations of sarcoid-like granulomatosis(More)
In chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation acts as an independent cardiovascular risk factor and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFalpha), may decrease this risk. The phagocytosis of oxidized low density lipoproteins (LDLs) accumulated in the subendothelium by mononuclear(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic disease of unknown etiology. HLA-DRB1 alleles encoding the shared epitope (SE) (RAA amino acid pattern in positions 72 to 74 of the third hypervariable region of the DRbeta1 chain) are associated with RA susceptibility. A new classification of HLA-DRB1 SE alleles has been developed by Tezenas du(More)
A strong association between an interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) gene polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility and severity has been reported in a case-control study. We investigated this polymorphism in 103 patients with early rheumatoid arthritis and 130 controls. Severity of rheumatoid arthritis was measured after 4-year follow-up with a(More)
The HLA-DRB1 gene was reported to be associated with anticitrullinated protein/peptide autoantibody (ACPA) production in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A new classification of HLA-DRB1 alleles, reshaping the shared epitope (SE) hypothesis, was recently found relevant in terms of RA susceptibility and structural severity. We investigated the relevance(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the ability of antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP2), against mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and against citrullinated fibrinogen (AhFibA) to predict 1 year rapid radiographic progression (RRP; total Sharp score variation ≥5 points), in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS We analysed 566(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the risk of serious adverse events, serious infections and death caused by methotrexate and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) combination therapy versus a bDMARD prescribed as monotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS A systematic literature review was conducted until February 2016 in PubMed, Embase and(More)
OBJECTIVES The RANK/RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system plays a central role in the pathogenesis of bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to test the association between 11 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on RANK, RANKL and OPG genes and anticitrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) presence or erosions in RA. (More)