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Serotonin and 5-HT3 receptors may be involved in the activation of nociceptive afferent pathways by rectal distension. In rats, intracolonic infusion of glycerol is able to trigger nociceptive inputs as evidenced by the occurrence of abdominal constrictions. This work was designed to evaluate the influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists on this reflex and to(More)
The antisecretory action of subcutaneously (SC) administered somatostatin(1-14), octreotide, and lanreotide on jejunal net flux of water under basal, prostaglandin E1 (PGE1)- and cholera toxin (CT)-stimulated secretory conditions was determined in vivo on isolated intestinal loop in anesthetized rats. Both PGE1 and CT induced intestinal hypersecretion in(More)
Smooth muscle strips and isolated muscle cells from the circular layer of dog colon, were used to study the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and their analogs acting at EP receptors: Iloprost (IP/EP1), butaprost (EP2) and enprostil (EP3) and SC19220 (antagonist EP1) to characterize the EP-receptors involved in the control of muscle function. In strips(More)
The effect of synthetic sorbin derivatives was determined on cholera toxin-stimulated jejunal secretion in anesthetized rats in vivo, using both perfused and ligated loop. An inhibitory effect on water secretion induced by cholera toxin was shown with C-terminal sorbin peptides: C20 (YEPGKSSILQHERPVTKPQA-amide), C10 and Dala 7 heptapeptide-amide of sorbin,(More)
PTH-related peptide (PTHrP), which shares 8 of 13 NH2-terminal residues with PTH, causes similar biological effects and interacts with the same receptor as PTH. In the gastrointestinal tract, human PTH and PTHrP-(1-34) relax rat fundic strips. However, the level of their action and the receptor involved in this effect are unknown. The aims of this study(More)
1. In order to determine the intracellular mechanisms by which galanin induces contraction of isolated smooth muscle cells from pig ileum, we examined the effects of external Ca2+, relaxing agents, pertussis toxin and forskolin on the galanin-induced contraction and compared these effects to those observed on the cholecystokinin derivative CCK8-induced(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and iloprost induced a concentration-dependent contraction of smooth muscle cells isolated from the circular layer of guinea-pig ileum. PGE2- and iloprost-induced contractions were inhibited by the selective EP1-receptor antagonist, SC19220 (1-acetyl-2-(8-chloro-10, 11-dihydrodibenz (b,f) (1,4) oxazepine-10-carbonyl)-hydrazine),(More)
Isolated smooth muscle cells from the circular layer of pig and guinea-pig ileum were used to study the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and three PGE2 receptor (EP) agonists; iloprost (EP1), butaprost (EP2) and enprostil (EP3). In pig cells, PGE2 and enprostil induced cell contraction (22.1 and 21.5% shortening of cell length, obtained at 10 nM for PGE2(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Galanin induces a contraction or a relaxation of digestive smooth muscle. Receptors mediating these effects have not been pharmacologically characterized. The aim of the study was to evaluate properties of two specific galanin antagonists M15 and M35 on galanin effects on muscle cells. METHODS Isolated muscle cells were obtained separately(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on isolated smooth muscle cells from guinea pig ileum circular layer, to characterize the PAF receptors involved in this effect and to determine the intracellular pathways triggered by PAF. Cells dispersed by enzymatic digestion were incubated for 30 sec in the presence of(More)