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An open reading frame homologous with genes of non-proton-pumping NADH dehydrogenases was identified in the genome of Neurospora crassa. The 57 kDa NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase acts as internal (alternative) respiratory NADH dehydrogenase (NDI1) in the fungal mitochondria. The precursor polypeptide includes a pre-sequence of 31 amino acids, and the mature(More)
Respiratory chain complex I is a complicated enzyme of mitochondria, that couples electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone to the proton translocation across the inner membrane of the organelle. The fungus Neurospora crassa has been used as one of the main model organisms to study this enzyme. Complex I is composed of multiple polypeptide subunits of dual(More)
In order to investigate the cell death-inducing effects of rotenone, a plant extract commonly used as a mitochondrial complex I inhibitor, we studied cancer cell lines with different genetic backgrounds. Rotenone inhibits cell growth through the induction of cell death and cell cycle arrest, associated with the development of mitotic catastrophe. The cell(More)
The 12.3 kDa subunit of complex I (respiratory-chain NADH dehydrogenase) is a nuclear-coded protein of the hydrophobic fragment of the enzyme. We have isolated and sequenced a full-length cDNA clone coding for this polypeptide. The deduced protein is 104 amino acid residues long with a molecular mass of 12305 Da. This particular subunit of complex I lacks a(More)
A 31-kDa subunit of complex I from Neurospora crassa, of nuclear origin, was cloned. The precursor polypeptide (33 kDa) could be efficiently expressed in an in vitro system for transcription and translation. The processing of the precursor to the mature protein was also obtained in vitro. An open reading frame coding for a precursor protein of 283 amino(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA expression library was screened with antibodies directed against individual subunits of complex I from Neurospora crassa. Clones encoding cytoplasmically synthesized polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 22, 29, 31, and 33 kDa were isolated. Northern blot analysis revealed that the corresponding genes are transcribed into mRNA(More)
We have cloned and disrupted in vivo, by repeat-induced point mutations, the nuclear gene coding for an iron sulfur subunit of complex I from Neurospora crassa, homologue of the mammalian TYKY protein. Analysis of the obtained mutant nuo21.3c revealed that complex I fails to assemble. The peripheral arm of the enzyme is disrupted while its membrane arm(More)
We have isolated cDNA clones encoding an iron-sulfur polypeptide subunit of the mitochondrial complex I of Neurospora crassa. The fungal cDNA library was screened by hybridisation with an heterologous probe from Paracoccus denitrificans. The DNA sequence of relevant isolates was determined and revealed an open reading frame encoding a precursor protein of(More)
We have cloned cDNAs encoding the last iron-sulphur protein of complex I from Neurospora crassa. The cDNA sequence contains an open reading frame that codes for a precursor polypeptide of 226 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 24972 Da. Our results indicate that the mature protein belongs probably to the peripheral arm of complex I and is rather(More)
Bovine mastitis is an important and complex disease responsible for economic losses in the dairy industry. Biotype II strains of the green alga Prototheca zopfii can be involved, most often resulting in chronic mastitis of difficult treatment associated with reduced milk production. This type of infection is rare, but the number of reported cases is(More)