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A 31-kDa subunit of complex I from Neurospora crassa, of nuclear origin, was cloned. The precursor polypeptide (33 kDa) could be efficiently expressed in an in vitro system for transcription and translation. The processing of the precursor to the mature protein was also obtained in vitro. An open reading frame coding for a precursor protein of 283 amino(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA expression library was screened with antibodies directed against individual subunits of complex I from Neurospora crassa. Clones encoding cytoplasmically synthesized polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 22, 29, 31, and 33 kDa were isolated. Northern blot analysis revealed that the corresponding genes are transcribed into mRNA(More)
We have isolated and characterized the nuclear genes encoding the 12.3-kD subunit of the membrane arm and the 29.9-kD subunit of the peripheral arm of complex I from Neurospora crassa. The former gene was known to be located in linkage group I and the latter is now assigned to linkage group IV of the fungal genome. The genes were separately transformed into(More)
Respiratory chain complex I is a complicated enzyme of mitochondria, that couples electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone to the proton translocation across the inner membrane of the organelle. The fungus Neurospora crassa has been used as one of the main model organisms to study this enzyme. Complex I is composed of multiple polypeptide subunits of dual(More)
The respiratory chain of the mitochondrial inner membrane includes a proton-pumping enzyme, complex I, which catalyses electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone. This electron pathway occurs through a series of protein-bound prosthetic groups, FMN and around eight iron-sulfur clusters. The high number of polypeptide subunits of mitochondrial complex I,(More)
We have previously described an immunosuppressive B cell mitogenic (ISM) protein, p43, produced by Candida albicans, which plays an important role in the survival of the microorganism in the host. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of p43 was found to be different from all amino acid sequences registered in updated protein databanks. Immunization of BALB/c(More)
In order to investigate the cell death-inducing effects of rotenone, a plant extract commonly used as a mitochondrial complex I inhibitor, we studied cancer cell lines with different genetic backgrounds. Rotenone inhibits cell growth through the induction of cell death and cell cycle arrest, associated with the development of mitotic catastrophe. The cell(More)
An open reading frame homologous with genes of non-proton-pumping NADH dehydrogenases was identified in the genome of Neurospora crassa. The 57 kDa NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase acts as internal (alternative) respiratory NADH dehydrogenase (NDI1) in the fungal mitochondria. The precursor polypeptide includes a pre-sequence of 31 amino acids, and the mature(More)
We have cloned and disrupted in vivo, by repeat-induced point mutations, the nuclear gene coding for an iron sulfur subunit of complex I from Neurospora crassa, homologue of the mammalian TYKY protein. Analysis of the obtained mutant nuo21.3c revealed that complex I fails to assemble. The peripheral arm of the enzyme is disrupted while its membrane arm(More)
A 21.3-kDa subunit of the peripheral arm of complex I from Neurospora is encoded by a single chromosomal gene, nuo-21.3b. It is located on linkage group V of the fungal genome, linked to inl. We have isolated and characterized a genomic clone containing this nuclear gene. A DNA fragment containing a portion of the coding region of the gene and upstream(More)