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Cellular replacement therapy has emerged as a novel strategy for the treatment of heart failure. The aim of our study was to determine the fate of injected mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and whole bone marrow (BM) cells in the infarcted heart. MSCs were purified from BM of transgenic mice and characterized using flow cytometry and in vitro differentiation(More)
To examine whether postoperative mechanical ventilation with lower tidal volumes (VT) has protective effects on inflammatory responses induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery in smokers and nonsmokers. Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial in the intensive care unit of a university hospital. We examined 44 patients (22 smokers, 22(More)
OBJECTIVES The German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) seeks to provide information on a real-world, all-comers basis for patients undergoing aortic valve interventions. This registry comprises patients undergoing the complete spectrum of transcutaneous and conventional surgical aortic valve interventions. The aim of this study was to use the GARY registry to(More)
Cellular cardiomyoplasty is an attractive option for the treatment of severe heart failure. It is, however, still unclear and controversial which is the most promising cell source. Therefore, we investigated and examined the fate and functional impact of bone marrow (BM) cells and embryonic stem cell (ES cell)-derived cardiomyocytes after transplantation(More)
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are the main cause of sudden death in patients after myocardial infarction. Here we show that transplantation of embryonic cardiomyocytes (eCMs) in myocardial infarcts protects against the induction of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in mice. Engraftment of eCMs, but not skeletal myoblasts (SMs), bone marrow cells or cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined whether extraction of particulate emboli using intra-aortic filtration could decrease neurologic outcomes. METHODS Patients (N = 582) were enrolled in a prospective, controlled study and alternately assigned to the therapy arm (n = 304; intra-aortic filtration) or control arm (n = 278). Preoperative, procedural, and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to establish a scoring system to predict mortality in aortic valve procedures in adults [German Aortic Valve Score (German AV Score)] based upon the comprehensive data pool mandatory by law in Germany. METHODS In 2008, 11 794 cases were documented who had either open aortic valve surgery or transcatheter aortic valve(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular cardiomyoplasty is discussed as an alternative therapeutic approach to heart failure. To date, however, the functional characteristics of the transplanted cells, their contribution to heart function, and most importantly, the potential therapeutic benefit of this treatment remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic stenosis is a frequent valvular disease especially in elderly patients. Catheter-based valve implantation has emerged as a valuable treatment approach for these patients being either at very high risk for conventional surgery or even deemed inoperable. The German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) provides data on conventional and catheter-based(More)
OBJECTIVE Among retroperitoneal tumors, renal cell carcinoma most often invades the retrohepatic inferior vena cava or the right atrium. Even in these cases, radical nephrectomy may be performed with curative intention. The aim of this retrospective study was to elucidate the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermic circulatory arrest on surgical(More)