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BACKGROUND Intense and rapidly changing mood states are a major feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, there have only been a few studies investigating affective processing in BPD, and in particular no neurofunctional correlates of abnormal emotional processing have been identified so far. METHODS Six female BPD patients without(More)
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) to median nerve and finger stimulation were analyzed by means of spatio-temporal dipole modelling combined with 3D-NMR tomography in 8 normal subjects. The early SEPs were modelled by 3 equivalent dipoles located in the region of the brain-stem (B) and in the region of the contralateral somatosensory cortex (T and R).(More)
Poor cognitive performance in ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; MDMA) users has been related to the well-recognized neurotoxic effects of the drug upon central serotonergic and possibly also dopaminergic systems. However, concomitant use of other drugs has been a critical confound in most investigations. In this study we used an n-back task and(More)
We performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in professional piano players and control subjects during an overtrained complex finger movement task using a blood oxygenation level dependent echo-planar gradient echo sequence. Activation clusters were seen in primary motor cortex, supplementary motor area, premotor cortex and superior parietal(More)
The popular recreational drug ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine=MDMA and related congeners) is neurotoxic upon central serotonergic systems in animal studies. So far, the most convincing evidence for neurotoxicity-related functional deficits in humans derives from neurocognitive studies demonstrating dose-related long-term learning and memory(More)
Modulation of the blood estrogen level as it occurs during the menstrual cycle has a strong influence on both neuropsychological and neurophysiological parameters. One of currently preferred hypotheses is that the menstrual cycle hormones modulate functional hemispheric lateralization. We examined six male and six female subjects by functional magnetic(More)
Reading of musical notes and playing piano is a very complex motor task which requires years of practice. In addition to motor skills, rapid and effective visuomotor transformation as well as processing of the different components of music like pitch, rhythm and musical texture are involved. The aim of the present study was the investigation of the cortical(More)
Findings from cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in schizophrenia indicating temporal lobe involvement have been inconsistent and controversial. In a prospective study, we quantified the volumes of temporal lobe structures in 20 male patients with first episode schizophrenia (FES; mean+/-S.D.=27.4+/-4. 8 years) and 20 healthy age-matched male(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE One major limitation of current functional MR (fMR) imaging is its inability to clarify the relationship between sites of cortical neuronal activation, small parenchymal venules that are in close proximity to these sites, and large draining veins distant from the active parenchyma. We propose to use gradient-echo blood oxygenation(More)
A method is described for the imaging and planimetric measurement of the planum temporale (PT) using computer reformations from three-dimensional fast low angle shot magnetic resonance (MR) data. The procedure allows the determination of size and left-right asymmetry of this area on the posterior supratemporal surface, which has been assumed by previous(More)