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This study was carried out to investigate the early changes in erythropoietin (EPO) formation in humans in response to hypoxia. Six volunteers were exposed to simulated altitudes of 3,000 and 4,000 m in a decompression chamber for 5.5 h. EPO was measured by radioimmunoassay in serum samples withdrawn every 30 min during altitude exposure and also in two(More)
The term Bartter syndrome encompasses a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive salt-losing nephropathies that are caused by disturbed transepithelial sodium chloride reabsorption in the distal nephron. Mutations have been identified in the NKCC2 (Na+-K+-2Cl–) cotransporter and ROMK potassium channel, which cooperate in the process of apical sodium(More)
Simultaneous patch-clamp and fura-2 measurements were used to investigate the electrical properties and receptor-mediated changes of intracellular calcium in renal juxtaglomerular cells. Here we report the presence of voltage-activated inward and outward rectifying potassium currents and the inhibition of the anomalous inward rectifying potassium current by(More)
In salt-sensitive hypertension, the accumulation of Na(+) in tissue has been presumed to be accompanied by a commensurate retention of water to maintain the isotonicity of body fluids. We show here that a high-salt diet (HSD) in rats leads to interstitial hypertonic Na(+) accumulation in skin, resulting in increased density and hyperplasia of the(More)
The protease renin is the key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone cascade, which is relevant under both physiological and pathophysiological settings. The kidney is the only organ capable of releasing enzymatically active renin. Although the characteristic juxtaglomerular position is the best known site of renin generation, renin-producing cells in(More)
Based on the presence of a functional retinoic acid receptor/retinoid X receptor transcription factor binding sequence (hormone-responsive element) in the renin gene enhancer and on the fact that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) bind to DNA as heterodimers with retinoid X receptors, we speculated that PPARs are involved in the(More)
We have used in situ hybridization to determine the localization and distribution of cells expressing the erythropoietin (EPO) gene in kidneys of rats exposed to reduced oxygen tensions to characterize the control of renal EPO formation during hypoxic hypoxia. Animals were subjected to severe hypoxia (7.5% O2) for 4, 8 and 32 hours to assess changes related(More)
This study aimed to characterize the cellular pathways along which nitric oxide (NO) stimulates renin secretion from the kidney. Using the isolated perfused rat kidney model we found that renin secretion stimulated 4- to 8-fold by low perfusion pressure (40 mmHg), by macula densa inhibition (100 micromol/liter of bumetanide), and by adenylate cyclase(More)
The glycoprotein hormone erythropoietin (EPO) is an essential growth and survival factor for erythroid progenitor cells, and the rate of red blood cell production is normally determined by the serum EPO concentration. EPO production is inversely related to oxygen availability, so that an effective feedback loop is established, which controls erythropoiesis.(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is critically involved in the regulation of the salt and volume status of the body and blood pressure. The activity of the RAS is controlled by the protease renin, which is released from the renal juxtaglomerular epithelioid cells into the circulation. Renin release is regulated in negative feedback-loops by blood(More)