Armin Koester

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The neuropeptide orphanin FQ (also known as nociceptin; OFQ/N) has been implicated in modulating stress-related behavior. OFQ/N was demonstrated to reverse stress-induced analgesia and possess anxiolytic-like activity after central administration. To further study physiological functions of OFQ/N, we have generated OFQ/N-deficient mice by targeted(More)
We have used site-directed mutagenesis in conjunction with homologous recombination to generate two mouse lines carrying point mutations in the glycine binding site of the NMDAR1 subunit (Grin1). Glycine concentration-response curves from acutely dissociated hippocampal neurons revealed a 5- and 86-fold reduction in receptor glycine affinity in mice(More)
(1S,2S,5R,6S)-2-Aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (LY354740) is a potent and selective agonist for group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2 and mGlu3) receptors, with anxiolytic-like activity in animal and human models, and efficacy in anxiety patients. However, the lack of mGlu2 or mGlu3 receptor specific agonists has prevented in vivo(More)
XCE, a new member of the endothelin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase family, is preferentially expressed in specific areas of the central nervous system including spinal chord and medulla. To elucidate the importance and function of XCE, we disrupted its gene in mouse embryonic stem cells by homologous recombination and created mice deficient in(More)
Peroxisomal membranes containing predominantly integral peroxisome membrane polypeptides were obtained from a highly purified peroxisomal fraction. Following sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis three polypeptides with apparent molecular weights of 69, 36, and 22 kDa were isolated and used to raise antibodies in rabbits. Cell-free(More)
Two different peroxisome preparations were isolated from male rat liver by using total homogenate (TH) as the starting material for one and the light mitochondrial (L) fraction for the other. The technique worked out is based on rate zonal (RZ) centrifugation in a sucrose gradient and subsequent isopycnic centrifugation in a Nycodenz gradient. The(More)
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