Armin H. Reitmair

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Mutations of the BRCA1 gone in humans are associated with predisposition to breast and ovarian cancers. We show here that Brca1+/- mice are normal and fertile and lack tumors by age eleven months. Homozygous Brca1(5-6) mutant mice die before day 7.5 of embryogenesis. Mutant embryos are poorly developed, with no evidence of mesoderm formation. The(More)
The therapeutic and preventive activities of retinoids in cancer are due to their ability to modulate the growth, differentiation, and survival or apoptosis of cancer cells. Here we show that in NB4 acute promyelocytic leukemia cells, retinoids selective for retinoic-acid receptor-alpha induced an autoregulatory circuitry of survival programs followed by(More)
Alterations of the human MSH2 gene, a homologue of the bacterial MutS mismatch repair gene, co-segregate with the majority of hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) cases. We have generated homozygous MSH2-/- mice. Surprisingly, these mice were found to be viable, produced offspring in a mendelian ratio and bred through at least two generations.(More)
Accelerated intestinal tumorigenesis is probable in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, a condition associated with germ line DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene defects, and is believed to be caused by rapid accumulation of replication errors in critical genes, such as the APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) tumor suppressor gene. To study the potential(More)
The mutator hypothesis of tumorigenesis suggests that loss of chromosomal stability or maintenance functions results in elevated mutation rates, leading to the accumulation of the numerous mutations required for multistep carcinogenesis. The human DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes are highly conserved homologues of the Escherichia coli MutHLS system, which(More)
Embryonic fibroblast cell lines were established from mice deficient, heterozygous, or proficient for Msh2, one of the three known DNA mismatch repair genes involved in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). Cell lines were established by transfection of primary mouse embryo fibroblasts with E7 and Ras oncogenes or mutant p53. Spontaneously(More)
Mutations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) gene hMSH2 underlie a novel pathway of tumorigenesis for some cancers of epithelial origin. Mice deficient in MSH2 are susceptible to lymphomas but defects in this gene have not been identified in human lymphoid tumors. To determine if the lymphomas these mice develop are related to a particular subtype of human(More)
Tumors derived from individuals with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome frequently demonstrate mutations in both alleles of hMSH2, a key gene in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Sporadic tumors also frequently exhibit MMR deficiency. In keeping with the role of MMR in the maintenance of genome integrity, mice deficient in MSH2 via gene targeting(More)
The mutational response of mismatch repair-deficient animals to the alkylating agent N-methyl-N-nitrosourea was evaluated by using a transgenic lacI reporter system. Although the mutations detected in MSH2 heterozygotes were similar to those of controls, MSH2-/- animals demonstrated striking increases in mutation frequency in response to this agent. G:C to(More)
Synthetic retinoid-related molecules, such as N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (fenretinide) and 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid (CD437) induce apoptosis in a variety of malignant cells. The mechanism(s) of action of these compounds does not appear to involve retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs),(More)