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Phenotypic heterogeneity in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is well documented, but there is not yet a systematic classification of the disease variants. In a previous study, we showed that the polymorphic codon 129 of the prion protein gene (PRNP), and two types of protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) with distinct physicochemical(More)
The prion protein (PrP(C)) is a copper-binding protein of unknown function that plays an important role in the etiology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Using morphological techniques and synaptosomal fractionation methods, we show that PrP(C) is predominantly localized to synaptic membranes. Atomic absorption spectroscopy was used to identify(More)
According to the recently established molecular basis for phenotypic heterogeneity of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), six different phenotypes are characterized by the size of the protease-resistant fragment of the pathological prion protein (types 1 and 2) and homozygosity or heterozygosity for methionine or valine at codon 129 of the prion(More)
Extracellular α-Synuclein has been implicated in interneuronal propagation of disease pathology in Parkinson's Disease. How α-Synuclein is released into the extracellular space is still unclear. Here, we show that α-Synuclein is present in extracellular vesicles in the central nervous system. We find that sorting of α-Synuclein in extracellular vesicles is(More)
In neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and prion diseases, deposits of aggregated disease-specific proteins are found. Oligomeric aggregates are presumed to be the key neurotoxic agent. Here we describe the novel oligomer modulator anle138b [3-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-5-(3-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazole], an(More)
The α-synuclein gene (SNCA) plays a major role in the aetiology of Lewy body disease (LBD) including Parkinson's disease (PD). Point mutations and genetic alterations causing elevated gene expression are causally linked to familial PD. To what extent epigenetic changes play a role in the regulation of α-synuclein expression and may contribute to the(More)
The normal cellular form of prion protein (PrPC) is a precursor to the pathogenic protease-resistant forms (PrPSc) believed to cause scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Its amino terminus contains the octapeptide PHGGGWGQ, which is repeated four times and is among the best-preserved regions of mammalian PrPC. Here(More)
Aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) has been linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Increasing evidence suggests that prefibrillar oligomers and protofibrils, rather than mature fibrils of alpha-syn, are the pathogenic species in PD. Despite extensive effort on studying oligomerization of(More)
To elucidate the role played by the prion protein in scrapie pathogenesis, we performed experiments with PrP27-30 isolated from scrapie-infected hamster brains in cell culture and studied in vivo the temporal and spatial correlation between deposition of the disease-associated isoform of the prion protein (PrPSc), microglial activation and neuronal cell(More)