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Phenotypic heterogeneity in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is well documented, but there is not yet a systematic classification of the disease variants. In a previous study, we showed that the polymorphic codon 129 of the prion protein gene (PRNP), and two types of protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) with distinct physicochemical(More)
The normal cellular form of prion protein (PrPC) is a precursor to the pathogenic protease-resistant forms (PrPSc) believed to cause scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Its amino terminus contains the octapeptide PHGGGWGQ, which is repeated four times and is among the best-preserved regions of mammalian PrPC. Here(More)
Aggregation of α-synuclein (αS) is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and a variety of related neurodegenerative disorders. The physiological function of αS is largely unknown. We demonstrate with in vitro vesicle fusion experiments that αS has an inhibitory function on membrane fusion. Upon increased expression in cultured cells and(More)
Aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) has been linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Increasing evidence suggests that prefibrillar oligomers and protofibrils, rather than mature fibrils of alpha-syn, are the pathogenic species in PD. Despite extensive effort on studying oligomerization of(More)
The prion protein (PrP(C)) is a copper-binding protein of unknown function that plays an important role in the etiology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Using morphological techniques and synaptosomal fractionation methods, we show that PrP(C) is predominantly localized to synaptic membranes. Atomic absorption spectroscopy was used to identify(More)
According to the recently established molecular basis for phenotypic heterogeneity of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), six different phenotypes are characterized by the size of the protease-resistant fragment of the pathological prion protein (types 1 and 2) and homozygosity or heterozygosity for methionine or valine at codon 129 of the prion(More)
Aberrant folding and fibrillar aggregation by polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion proteins are associated with cytotoxicity in Huntington's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. Hsp70 chaperones have an inhibitory effect on fibril formation and can alleviate polyQ cytotoxicity. Here we show that the cytosolic chaperonin, TRiC, functions synergistically(More)
Six subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease with distinctive clinico-pathological features have been identified largely based on two types of the abnormal prion protein, PrPSc, and the methionine (M)/valine (V) polymorphic codon 129 of the prion protein. The existence of affected subjects showing mixed phenotypic features and concurrent PrPSc types(More)
Recent evidence indicates that protein aggregation and in particular the formation of toxic protein oligomers is a key mechanism in synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Post mortem brain tissue studies as well as animal studies furthermore suggest that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are also involved in the pathogenesis of PD. We used(More)
Frits Kamp*, Nicole Exner, Anne Kathrin Lutz, Nora Wender, Jan Hegermann, Bettina Brunner, Brigitte Nuscher, Tim Bartels, Armin Giese, Klaus Beyer, Stefan Eimer, Konstanze F Winklhofer and Christian Haass* DZNE-German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Munich, Germany, Adolf-Butenandt-Institute, Biochemistry, LudwigMaximilians-University, Munich,(More)