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Adult hippocampal neurogenesis occurs in an exceptional permissive microenvironment. Neuroimmunological mechanisms might be prominently involved in the endogenous homeostatic principles that control baseline levels of adult neurogenesis. We show in this study that this homeostasis is partially dependent on CD4-positive T lymphocytes. Systemic depletion of(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role for the survival of visceral sensory neurons during development. However, the physiological sources and the function of BDNF in the adult viscera are poorly described. We have investigated the cellular sources and the potential role of BDNF in adult murine viscera. We found markedly different(More)
The role of nerve growth factor (NGF), a potent mediator acting in the development and differentiation of both neuronal and immune cells, was examined in a mouse model of allergic asthma. NGF-positive cells were detected in the inflammatory infiltrate of the lung and enhanced levels of NGF were detected in serum and broncho-alveolar lavage fluids.(More)
In the epithelium of the lower airways, a cell type of unknown function has been termed "brush cell" because of a distinctive ultrastructural feature, an apical tuft of microvilli. Morphologically similar cells in the nose have been identified as solitary chemosensory cells responding to taste stimuli and triggering trigeminal reflexes. Here we show that(More)
A method for the noninvasive measurement of airway responsiveness was validated in allergic BALB/c mice. With head-out body plethysmography and the decrease in tidal midexpiratory flow (EF(50)) as an indicator of airway obstruction, responses to inhaled methacholine (MCh) and the allergen ovalbumin were measured in conscious mice. Allergen-sensitized and(More)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is responsible for a lethal disease called invasive aspergillosis that affects immunocompromised patients. This disease, like other human fungal diseases, is generally treated by compounds targeting the primary fungal cell membrane sterol. Recently, glucan synthesis inhibitors were added to the limited antifungal(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders. CAH is most often caused by deficiency of steroid 21-hydroxylase. The frequency of CYP21-inactivating mutations and the genotype-phenotype relationship were characterized in 155 well defined unrelated CAH patients. We were able to elucidate 306 of 310 disease-causing alleles(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate production and cellular sources of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) production in allergic asthma. For this purpose a mouse model of chronic and severe ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation was developed. Allergen-exposed mice developed elevated immunoglobulin E titers; airway inflammation with influx(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) A1 and TRPM8 are ion channels that have been localized to afferent nociceptive nerves. These TRP channels may be of particular relevance to respiratory nociceptors in that they can be activated by various inhaled irritants and/or cold air. We addressed the hypothesis that mouse vagal sensory nerves projecting to the(More)
Activated macrophages have been shown to produce brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) or allergic bronchial asthma (BA). However, there is little data on BDNF regulation in these cells. We demonstrate that unstimulated human peripheral blood monocytes, but not lymphocytes, constitutively secrete BDNF. IL-6 and(More)