Armenio Aguiar dos Santos

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Rut-bpy is a novel nitrosyl–ruthenium complex releasing NO into the vascular system. We evaluated the effect of Rut-bpy (100 mg/kg) on a rat model of brain stroke. Forty rats were assigned to four groups (Saline solution [SS], Rut-bpy, SS+ischemia–reperfusion [SS+I/R] and Rut-bpy+ischemia–reperfusion [Rut-bpy+I/R]) with their mean arterial pressure (MAP)(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by synaptic loss and cognitive impairments. Although AD is the most prevalent aging-related neurodegenerative disease, therapeutic strategies remain palliative. Recent studies have shown that probucol presents neuroprotective effects in experimental models of neurodegenerative disease.(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis. IL-1-receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) is a naturally occurring inhibitor of IL-1 activity that competes with IL-1 for occupancy of cell-surface receptors but possesses no agonist activity. We induced endotoxaemia in 9 healthy human volunteers by injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin, and(More)
Spinal cord transection (SCT) delays gastric emptying (GE), and intestinal and gastrointestinal (GI) transit of liquid in awake rats. This study evaluates the neural mechanisms involved in this phenomenon. Male Wistar rats (N = 147) were fasted for 16 h and had the left jugular vein cannulated followed by laminectomy or laminectomy + complete SCT between T4(More)
We have previously reported that acute blood volume expansion in awake rats delays the gastric emptying of a liquid meal, using the phenol red method. In this study we attempted to investigate the neural mechanisms involved in this phenomenon. Blood volume expansion, due to Ringer-bicarbonate infusion up to a volume equivalent to 5% of body weight,(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to profound haemodynamic changes. Constant outflows from the central autonomic pattern generators modulate the activity of the spinal sympathetic neurons. Sudden loss of communication between these centers and the sympathetic neurons in the intermediolateral thoracic and lumbar spinal cord leads to spinal shock. After high(More)
Both estrogens and androgens have been shown to stimulate sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) secretion in vitro in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep G2, in contrast to the expected inhibition by androgens from in vivo studies. However, such in vitro stimulation was only demonstrated at high steroid doses, generally in serum-containing medium,(More)
We evaluated the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors, COX-1 selective inhibitor, or COX non-selective inhibitor on gastric emptying and intestinal transit of liquids, and evaluated the effect of a COX-2 selective inhibitor on gastric tonus (GT). Male Wistar rats were treated per os with saline (control), rofecoxib, celecoxib, ketorolac,(More)
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is an important region of the brain involved in the regulation of sympathetic vasomotor tone. Accumulating evidence supports the idea that a change in hypothalamic γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic inhibitory and glutamatergic excitatory inputs contribute to the exacerbated sympathetic drive in chronic(More)
  • Peter R Ferket, Anael A Santos, Edgar O Oviedo-Rondón, P R Ferket, A A Santos, E O Oviedo-Rondón
  • 2005
The poultry industry has undergone remarkable change and growth over the last 30 years, and it will continue to expand in the coming years to meet higher demand for low-cost, healthy and convenient products. In addition to the expanding market, commercial poultry is being genetically selected for ever increasing growth performance and efficiency. This(More)