Armelle Phalipon

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Secretory immunoglobulin (Ig) A (SIgA) is essential in protecting mucosal surfaces. It is composed of at least two monomeric IgA molecules, covalently linked through the J chain, and secretory component (SC). We show here that a dimeric/polymeric IgA (IgA(d/p)) is more efficient when bound to SC in protecting mice against bacterial infection of the(More)
Shigella, a Gram-negative invasive enteropathogenic bacterium, causes the rupture, invasion and inflammatory destruction of the human colonic epithelium. This complex and aggressive process accounts for the symptoms of bacillary dysentery. The so-called invasive phenotype of Shigella is linked to expression of a type III secretory system (TTSS) injecting(More)
The lipid A of LPS activates TLR4 through an interaction with myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) and the degree of lipid A acylation affects TLR4 responsiveness. Two TLR4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) have been associated with LPS hyporesponsiveness. We hypothesized that the combination of hypoacylation and these single(More)
The polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR) ensures efficient secretion of polymeric IgA (pIgA) at mucosal surfaces. On basal to apical transport across epithelial cells, the pIgR extracellular domain is cleaved, releasing secretory component (SC) in association with pIgA. This finds its raison d'être in the recent observation that SC is directly involved in the(More)
The invasion plasmid antigen B (IpaB), a 62-kDa plasmid-encoded protein associated with the ability of shigellae to invade epithelial cells, is the bacterial antigen most strongly and consistently recognized by the host during infection. The strong systemic and mucosal immune responses observed against this invasin prompted us to map its B-cell epitopes.(More)
Caspases are intracellular proteases that mediate mammalian cell apoptosis. Caspase-1 (Casp-1) is a unique caspase because it activates the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-18. Shigella flexneri, the etiological agent of bacillary dysentery, induces macrophage apoptosis, which requires Casp-1 and results in the release of mature(More)
E2 is a 32 kd human T-cell surface glycoprotein involved in spontaneous rosette formation with erythrocytes. A 1.11 kb cDNA was isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library by screening with monoclonal antibodies directed against E2. The primary structure of E2, deduced from the nucleotide sequence of its gene, comprises 185 amino acids and is devoid of(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) play a central role in innate and acquired mucosal immunity. They ensure early signaling to trigger an inflammatory response against pathogens. Moreover, IEC mediate transcytosis of dimeric IgA (dIgA), through the polymeric-immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), to provide secretory IgA, the major protective Ig in mucosal(More)
Pathogenicity of many Gram-negative bacteria relies on a type III secretion (T3S) apparatus, which is used for delivery of bacterial effectors into the host cell cytoplasm allowing the bacteria to manipulate host cell cytoskeleton network as well as to interfere with intracellular signaling pathways. In this study, we investigated the potential of the(More)
Protection against reinfection with noncapsulated Gram-negative bacteria, such as Shigella, an enteroinvasive bacterium responsible for bacillary dysentery, is mainly achieved by Abs specific for the O-Ag, the polysaccharide part of the LPS, the major bacterial surface Ag. The use of chemically defined glycoconjugates encompassing oligosaccharides mimicking(More)