Armantas Baginskas

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We present a theory for estimation of the dendritic electrotonic length constant and the membrane time constant from the transmembrane potential (TMP) induced by an applied electric field. The theory is adapted to morphologically defined neurons with homogeneous passive electric properties. Frequency characteristics and transients at the onset and offset of(More)
It has been established that coincident inputs from multiple presynaptic axons are required to achieve a suprathreshold level of excitation for the most of central neurons. The present study, however, was designed to determine whether a train of spikes of an individual retinal ganglion cell (that is, input from a single presynaptic axon) targeting a frog(More)
Strict control over the initiation of action potentials is the primary task of a neuron. One way to lose proper spike control is to create several spikes, a burst, when only one should be initiated. We describe a new site for burst initiation in rat hippocampal CA3 neurons: the Schaffer collateral axons. These axons lack myelin, are long, extremely thin,(More)
Most axons in the mammalian brain are unmyelinated and thin with pre-synaptic specializations (boutons) along their entire paths. The parallel fibers in the cerebellum are examples of such axons. Unlike most thin axons they have only one branch point. The granule cell soma, where they originate, can fire bursts of action potentials with spike intervals of(More)
Some neurons possess dendritic persistent inward current, which is activated during depolarization. Dendrites can be stably depolarized, i.e. they are bi-stable if the net current is inward. A proper method to show the existence of dendritic bi-stability is putting the neuron into the electric field to induce transmembrane potential changes along the(More)
The criteria for hystheresis in the input current-voltage relation of a cylindrical dendrite, i.e. cable bistability, were studied earlier in case of the constant negative slope of the N-shaped membrane current-voltage characteristic. For a membrane with a variable negative slope of the current-voltage characteristic, only sufficient conditions of dendritic(More)
The membrane potential changes following action potentials in thin unmyelinated cortical axons with en passant boutons may be important for synaptic release and conduction abilities of such axons. In the lack of intra-axonal recording techniques we have used extracellular excitability testing as an indirect measure of the after-potentials. We recorded from(More)
NMDA receptors play an important functional role in the neuron excitability and plasticity. The conditions and consequences of their activation are of interest for many neuroscientists. This investigation was designed to explore an activation of the NMDA receptors of frog tectal neurons in vivo by a burst of spikes of individual retinotectal fiber. We show(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been shown that discharge of single darkness detector in the frog retina can lead to suprathreshold excitation of the tectal neurons. The present study was designed to explore whether a suprathreshold excitation of frog tectal neurons can be elicited by the discharge of single moving-edge detector. MATERIAL AND METHODS The discharge of a(More)
The dendrites of neurons from many regions of the nervous system contain voltage-sensitive channels that generate persistent inward currents. We have recently suggested that a slow negative wave (sNW), extracellularly observed in the frog tectum during the burst discharge of a single retinal ganglion cell, can be generated as a result of the persistent(More)