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It has been established that coincident inputs from multiple presynaptic axons are required to achieve a suprathreshold level of excitation for the most of central neurons. The present study, however, was designed to determine whether a train of spikes of an individual retinal ganglion cell (that is, input from a single presynaptic axon) targeting a frog(More)
We present a theory for estimation of the dendritic electrotonic length constant and the membrane time constant from the transmembrane potential (TMP) induced by an applied electric field. The theory is adapted to morphologically defined neurons with homogeneous passive electric properties. Frequency characteristics and transients at the onset and offset of(More)
Strict control over the initiation of action potentials is the primary task of a neuron. One way to lose proper spike control is to create several spikes, a burst, when only one should be initiated. We describe a new site for burst initiation in rat hippocampal CA3 neurons: the Schaffer collateral axons. These axons lack myelin, are long, extremely thin,(More)
NMDA receptors play an important functional role in the neuron excitability and plasticity. The conditions and consequences of their activation are of interest for many neuroscientists. This investigation was designed to explore an activation of the NMDA receptors of frog tectal neurons in vivo by a burst of spikes of individual retinotectal fiber. We show(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been shown that discharge of single darkness detector in the frog retina can lead to suprathreshold excitation of the tectal neurons. The present study was designed to explore whether a suprathreshold excitation of frog tectal neurons can be elicited by the discharge of single moving-edge detector. MATERIAL AND METHODS The discharge of a(More)
The membrane potential changes following action potentials in thin unmyelinated cortical axons with en passant boutons may be important for synaptic release and conduction abilities of such axons. In the lack of intra-axonal recording techniques we have used extracellular excitability testing as an indirect measure of the after-potentials. We recorded from(More)
The dendrites of neurons from many regions of the nervous system contain voltage-sensitive channels that generate persistent inward currents. We have recently suggested that a slow negative wave (sNW), extracellularly observed in the frog tectum during the burst discharge of a single retinal ganglion cell, can be generated as a result of the persistent(More)
The present study was designed to explore whether a discharge of a certain type of frog retinal ganglion cell [likely changing contrast (third) detector] can evoke NMDA response in frog tectum neurons and higher level of activity of tectal neuron network. Discharge of a single retinal ganglion cell was elicited by electrical stimulation of the retina.(More)
Some neurons possess dendritic persistent inward current, which is activated during depolarization. Dendrites can be stably depolarized, i.e. they are bi-stable if the net current is inward. A proper method to show the existence of dendritic bi-stability is putting the neuron into the electric field to induce transmembrane potential changes along the(More)
The activity patterns of a neuronal network originate from the intrinsic properties and synaptic interactions of the constituent neurons. Our recent studies support this view, showing that the discharge of a single frog retina ganglion cell brings an elementary neuronal network of the tectum (tectum column) to a suprathreshold activity of two distinct(More)