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Chiral analysis of the rat liver microsomal arachidonic acid epoxygenase metabolites shows enantioselective formation of 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in an approximately 2:1, 4:1, and 2:1 ratio of antipodes, respectively. Animal treatment with the cytochrome P-450 inducer phenobarbital increased the overall enantiofacial selectivity(More)
Excess dietary salt induces a cytochrome P450 arachidonic acid epoxygenase isoform in rat kidneys (Capdevila, J. H., S. Wei, J. Yang, A. Karara, H. R. Jacobson, J. R. Falck, F. P. Guengerich, and R. N. Dubois. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267:21720-21726). Treatment of rats on a high salt diet with the epoxygenase inhibitor, clotrimazole, produces significant(More)
The rat kidney microsomal epoxygenase catalyzed the asymmetric epoxidation of arachidonic acid to generate as major products: 8(R),9(S)-, 11(R),12(S)- and 14(S),15(R)-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids with optical purities of 97, 88, and 70%, respectively. Inhibition studies utilizing a panel of polyclonal antibodies to several rat liver cytochrome P-450 isoforms,(More)
Rat kidney cortical and medullary microsomal fractions catalyzed cytochrome P-450-linked metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) (56 +/- 6% of total products in cortex and 10% in medulla) and 19- and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (19- and 20-OHAA) (36 +/- 4% in cortex and 90% in medulla). In addition, endogenous renal(More)
Renal glomerular and cortical metabolism of endogenous arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase yields 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET). Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, we measured the synthesis of 8,9-EET from an endogenous pool of arachidonic acid in normal rat kidney. The (8S,9R) isomer was favored over the(More)
A cDNA containing an open reading frame coding for the rat kidney cytochrome P-450 arachidonic acid epoxygenase was isolated from a male rat kidney cDNA library. Sequence analysis showed that with the exception of 11 nucleotides, this cDNA is identical with the published sequence for rat liver cytochrome 2C23 and encodes a polypeptide of 494 amino acids.(More)
Chiral analysis of the endogenous rat liver epoxyeicosatrienoic acids shows the biosynthesis of 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in a 4:1, 2:1, and 3:1 ratio of antipodes, respectively. Animal treatment with phenobarbital results in a 3.7-fold increase in microsomal cytochrome P-450 concentration and a concomitant, regioselective 6.8- and(More)
Gas chromatographic/mass spectroscopic and chiral analysis showed the presence of enzymatically derived 8,9-, 11,12- and 14,15-EET in rat plasma (2.8:1:3.4 molar ratio, respectively; 10.2 +/- 0.4 ng total EET/ml plasma). Greater than 90% of the plasma EETs was esterified to the phospholipids of circulating lipoproteins. The lipoprotein fraction with the(More)
Mass spectral and chromatographic analysis demonstrates the presence of 14,15-, 11,12- and 8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (44%, 33% and 23% of the total, respectively) in human kidney cortex. Chiral analysis of the human renal epoxyeicosatrienoic acids shows the formation of 8,9-, 11,12- and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids in a 1:1, 4:1 and 2:1 ratio of(More)