Armando E. Fraire

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A potent role for memory CD8+ T cells in heterologous immunity was shown with a respiratory mucosal model of viral infection. Memory CD8+ T cells generated after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection were functionally activated in vivo to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) during acute infection with vaccinia virus (VV). Some of these(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of serious respiratory infections in children as well as a serious cause of disease in elderly and immunosuppressed populations. There are no licensed vaccines available to prevent RSV disease. We have developed a virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine candidate for protection from RSV. The VLP is composed(More)
The diagnostic utility of transbronchial lung biopsy (TBB) is partly a function of its size. However, objective parameters that reflect biopsy specimen size have not yet been well-defined. We studied clinical records and histopathologic lung tissue slides of 116 patients who underwent diagnostic TBB, aiming to define the possible significance of association(More)
Rapid advances in generating new mouse genetic models for lung neoplasia provide a continuous challenge for pathologists and investigators. Frequently, phenotypes of new models either have no precedents or are arbitrarily attributed according to incongruent human and mouse classifications. Thus, comparative characterization and validation of novel models(More)
Bronchopulmonary carcinoids comprise 25% of all human carcinoids. The World Health Organization divides them into typical (TC) and atypical forms (ATC), distinguished by differences in mitotic counts lower or higher than 2/2 mm(2) and the presence or absence of necrosis. The reproducibility of this classification with respect to the borderline cases with(More)
A young patient with testicular germ cell tumor presenting with inferior vena cava thrombus extending into the right heart with free-floating thrombus in the right ventricle and a simultaneous epidural spinal cord compression is presented. Due to the perceived high risk of embolization and the urgent need to begin systemic chemotherapy, he was managed with(More)
A rare benign condition of uncertain etiology and pathogenesis, Synovial Chondromatosis (SC) is most often seen intraarticularly in adults but only a handful of cases have been reported extraarticularly in children. Symptoms and physical signs consist of pain, swelling, and osteoarthritic changes related to a mass effect. Here we discuss the case of a(More)
Having previously shown that previous immunity to one virus can influence the host response to a subsequent unrelated virus, we questioned whether the outcome to a given virus infection would be altered in similar or different ways by previous immunity to different viruses, and whether immunity to a given virus would have similar effects on all subsequent(More)
CONTEXT Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an uncommon tumor that can be difficult to diagnose. OBJECTIVE To provide updated practical guidelines for the pathologic diagnosis of MM. DATA SOURCES Pathologists involved in the International Mesothelioma Interest Group and others with an interest in the field contributed to this update. Reference material(More)
The results of 184 fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytologic examinations were compared with the findings of "conventional" respiratory cytology (on sputums, bronchial brushings and bronchial washings) and histology (on biopsy and autopsy samples) and with the medical records. Positive cytologic results were obtained in 6 (10%) of 60 sputums, 17 (21%) of 80(More)