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Sexual selection (defined as the change in genotypic or phenotypic frequencies of mated versus total population frequencies) and sexual isolation (defined as the deviation from random mating in mated individuals) show different evolutionary consequences and partially confounded causes. Traditionally, the cross-product estimator has been used to quantify(More)
A model of mutation-selection-drift balance incorporating pleiotropic and dominance effects of new mutations on quantitative traits and fitness is investigated and used to predict the amount and nature of genetic variation maintained in segregating populations. The model is based on recent information on the joint distribution of mutant effects on bristle(More)
Parallel evolution of similar phenotypes provides strong evidence for the operation of natural selection. Where these phenotypes contribute to reproductive isolation, they further support a role for divergent, habitat-associated selection in speciation. However, the observation of pairs of divergent ecotypes currently occupying contrasting habitats in(More)
The phenomenon that the genetic variance of fitness components increase following a bottleneck or inbreeding is supported by a growing number of experiments and is explained theoretically by either dominance or epistasis. In this article, diffusion approximations under the infinite sites model are used to quantify the effect of dominance, using data on(More)
PURPOSE alpha-Toxin mediates extreme corneal damage during Staphylococcus aureus keratitis. Chemical inhibition of this toxin was sought to provide relief from toxin-mediated pathology. METHODS Inhibition of alpha-toxin by phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), 0.1% methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (CD), or CD plus cholesterol (0.1%, CD-cholesterol) was assayed by(More)
Sleep-wakefulness and EEG responses to a chronic morphine treatment (2 mg/kg/day, IP, during 15 days) were studied in 8 cats provided with electrodes for EEG, EMG and EOG records. Results indicated that, in contrast to a resistance of the cats to exhibit overt signs of tolerance in the immediate behavioral and EEG responses to morphine, tolerance developed(More)
T. Mukai and co-workers in the late 1960s and O. Ohnishi in the 1970s carried out a series of experiments to obtain direct estimates of the average coefficient of dominance (h) of minor viability mutations in Drosophila melanogaster. The results of these experiments, although inconsistent, have been interpreted as indicating slight recessivity of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether cholesterol, the host cell receptor for pneumolysin of Streptococcus pneumoniae, could effectively treat pneumococcal keratitis. METHODS New Zealand White rabbits were intrastromally injected with 10(5) colony-forming units (CFUs) of S. pneumoniae D39. Corneas were treated with topical drops of 1%(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to identify a new Pseudomonas protease and determine its possible role in keratitis. METHODS Concentrated culture supernatants of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains PA103 and ATCC 19660 were analyzed by zymography. P. aeruginosa small protease (PASP) was purified from strain PA103, and modified elastase B (LasB) was(More)