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Cultured neurons obtained from a hypomorphous MAP1B mutant mouse line display a selective and significant inhibition of axon formation that reflects a delay in axon outgrowth and a reduced rate of elongation. This phenomenon is paralleled by decreased microtubule formation and dynamics, which is dramatic at the distal axonal segment, as well as in growth(More)
The distribution of membrane-bound organelles was studied in cultured hippocampal neurons after antisense oligonucleotide suppression of the kinesin-heavy chain (KHC). We observed reduced 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide (DiOC6(3)) fluorescent staining in neurites and growth cones. In astrocytes, KHC suppression results in the disappearance of the(More)
The distribution of the microtubule-associated protein MAP2 in cultured hippocampal neurons was studied using immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies. MAP2 was preferentially localized to dendritic, but not axonal, processes even in single isolated cells which developed without making intercellular contacts. Hence regional differences in the(More)
Cultures of cerebellar macroneurons were used to study the expression, activity, subcellular localization, and function of cdk5 during neuronal morphogenesis. The results obtained indicate that in non-polarized neurons cdk5 is restricted to the cell body but as soon as polarity is established it becomes highly concentrated at the distal tip of growing axons(More)
We show here that antisense MAP2 oligonucleotides inhibit neurite outgrowth in cultured cerebellar macroneurons. Unlike control neurons, which first extend a lamellipodial veil followed by a consolidation phase during which the cells extend minor neurites, MAP2-suppressed cells persist with lamellipodia and later become rounded. The induction of(More)
In cultured neurons, axon formation is preceded by the appearance in one of the multiple neurites of a large growth cone containing a labile actin network and abundant dynamic microtubules. The invasion-inducing T-lymphoma and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) protein that functions as a guanosine nucleotide exchange factor for Rac1 localizes to this neurite and its(More)
To determine whether dendritic spines contain actin, we evaluated the immunocytochemical localization of actin in the hippocampal formation and cerebral cortex of the rat. Monoclonal hybridoma antibodies were prepared against adult quail breast muscle actin. The culture supernatant of two cell lines (QAB1 and QAB2) was examined. Both antibodies bound only(More)
Cultures of cerebellar macroneurons were used to study the pattern of expression, subcellular localization, and function of the neuronal cdk5 activator p35 during laminin-enhanced axonal growth. The results obtained indicate that laminin, an extracellular matrix molecule capable of selectively stimulating axonal extension and promoting MAP1B phosphorylation(More)
Through ethnobotanical surveys in Guatemala, about 250 plants were identified for use in the treatment of urinary ailments. From 67 of these, aqueous extracts were prepared to investigate their oral diuretic activity in albino rats after a dose equivalent to 1 g/kg of dried plant material. The trials demonstrated that in 33 cases urinary excretion was not(More)