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Oxidation of the energetic substrates by the body is associated with oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, and heat release specific to the nature of the energetic substrates being oxidized. Therefore, measurement of respiratory exchanges (indirect calorimetry) is a powerful method to investigate heat production of a living organism. In this(More)
The mdx mouse serves as animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Energy status in muscles of mdx mice is impaired and we have demonstrated recently that the energy precursor creatine exerts beneficial effects on mdx skeletal muscle cells in culture. Here we show that feeding a creatine-enriched diet to new-born mdx mice strongly reduced the first wave(More)
Dystrophin-deficient skeletal muscles of mdx mice undergo their first rounds of degeneration-regeneration at the age of 14-28 days. This feature is thought to result from an increase in motor activity at weaning. In this study, we hypothesize that if the muscle is prevented from contracting, it will avoid the degenerative changes that normally occur. For(More)
A method is described for stress-free periodic sampling of blood and/or intravenous infusions in the normal awake and behaving mouse. The surgical procedure consists of the permanent implantation of a Silastic-rubber catheter in the right external jugular vein. The free end of the catheter is then pulled subcutaneously up to the skull and fixed on the skull(More)
1. Dystrophin-deficient hindlimb muscles of mdx mice undergo necrosis at the time of weaning when the motor activity of the mice greatly increases and muscle energy metabolism becomes more dependent on insulin and carbohydrates. 2. We have attempted to determine if the onset of myofibre necrosis in mdx mice at the time of weaning is related to the(More)
Previous observations showing that basal heat production rates and glucose metabolism were reduced in mdx mouse skeletal muscles incubated in vitro led us to study the components of total energy expenditure by open-circuit indirect calorimetry in the intact, free-moving mdx mouse. Our purpose was to verify if the mdx mouse exhibited whole-body alterations(More)
Previous studies suggesting that glucose metabolism could be impaired in the skeletal muscles of the mdx mouse led us to study the metabolic response to i.p. injection of either glucose or glucose and insulin in the free-moving mdx mouse. In the first study, changes in blood glucose and plasma insulin levels were measured in mice with chronic venous(More)
Sixteen compounds derived from N-acyl-4-benzylidenepiperidine-4'-carboxylic acids were synthesized and evaluated for inhibition of rat and human steroid 5alpha-reductase isozymes types 1 and 2. In the dicyclohexylacetyl series, fluorination in the 2-position of the benzene nucleus (15), exchange of the carboxy group by a carboxymethyl moiety (20), and(More)
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