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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine whether significant reduction in radiation dose (250 mAs-->50 mAs), in chest computed tomography (CT) using volume acquisition affects image quality or the detectability of pathologic findings in the lung and mediastinum. METHODS Phantom studies were conducted to evaluate resolution and noise(More)
Usefulness of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in locating pulmonary parenchymal disease in relation to the pulmonary lobule was evaluated in 71 patients, including 30 with normal pulmonary parenchyma and 41 with various pulmonary diseases. Both 10-mm-thick sections and 1.5- or 3.0-mm-thick HRCT scans were obtained. Distribution of pulmonary(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to optimize the reconstruction algorithm and the slice thickness of computed tomography (CT) for the study of the fine structure of the lung. In 75 patients, we performed routine thoracic CT examination and obtained two high-resolution CT (HRCT) slices at the same level using the standard and bone algorithms, or using(More)
Standard, thin-section, and reference phantom computed tomography (CT) were performed to evaluate 75 consecutive patients with solitary pulmonary nodules. Follow-up was available for 62 nodules in 59 patients; 53 of the nodules were benign and nine were malignant. Twenty-one of the 62 nodules were assessed as benign with thin-section CT, while 33 of the 62(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and lymphokine-activated killer cells (LAK) resulted in responses in some patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the relative therapeutic benefit of the addition of LAK to IL-2 was unknown. METHODS A randomized Phase III trial was conducted in patients with RCC comparing continuous(More)
The association between coronary artery calcification (CAC) and coronary artery disease is well established. The objectives of this article are to define the cross-sectional anatomy of the coronary arteries and to demonstrate the prevalence of CAC as seen on routine computed tomography (CT) of the thorax. A CT scan of a cadaver heart was performed in normal(More)
Forty-six evaluable pediatric patients with primary recurrent brain tumors resistant to standard therapy were treated with cisplatin, 60 mg/m2/day, X2 days every 3 to 4 weeks, to study the efficacy and toxicity of this drug. Complete and partial responses, documented by computed tomography (CT) scan, were demonstrated in 4 of 10 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to evaluate the mild physiologic changes of elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema in the pig by radionuclide scintigraphy and to correlate these findings with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and histologic examination. METHODS Eight 7- to 12-week-old Yorkshire pigs were studied. Perfusion and ventilation(More)
Seventy-two patients with advanced resectable head and cancer received two courses of induction chemotherapy before definitive therapy. Forty-six patients were treated with platinol, Oncovin (vincristine), and bleomycin. Twenty-six received Platinol (cisplatin), Velban (vinblastine), and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Although both regimens had an overall response(More)