Learn More
Four hundred thirty-eight subjects underwent an overnight dexamethasone suppression test (DST) to standardize the test for the diagnosis of melancholia (endogenous depression). Abnormal plasma cortisol concentrations within 24 hours after dexamethasone administration occurred almost exclusively in melancholic patients. The best plasma cortisol criterion(More)
Structural and electrophysiological properties of the epicardial muscle which survives on the surface of transmural infarcts of the canine heart (epicardial border zone) were studied at different times after occlusion of the left anterior coronary artery (LAD). Isolated preparations were superfused in vitro, transmembrane potentials recorded, and impulse(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-2 to myocardial inflammation and cardiomyocyte necrosis and apoptosis during allograft rejection was investigated through heterotopic cardiac transplantation in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS In the first experiments, hearts from C3H donor mice were transplanted into NOS-2(-/-) and NOS-2(+/+)(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide synthase-2 (NOS2) is expressed during acute cardiac allograft rejection in association with myocardial inflammation, contractile dysfunction, and death of cardiomyocytes by necrosis and apoptosis. Recently, allosteric inhibitors of NOS2 monomer dimerization that block NOS2 activity have been developed. METHODS AND RESULTS To(More)
The cellular electrophysiologic and structural characteristics of arrhythmic and non-arrhythmic atria isolated from feline hearts with spontaneously occurring cardiomyopathy were studied. The animals were divided into three groups according to the degree of left atrial enlargement: mild (group I), moderate (group II), and severe (group III). The right atria(More)
BACKGROUND The inducible isoform of the nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) produces large amounts of nitric oxide in response to cytokine stimulation. Previous investigations have demonstrated iNOS expression in the setting of acute and chronic rejection in experimental cardiac transplant models. The goal of this study was to investigate whether iNOS is(More)
Speech pause time (SPT)-the silent interval between phonations during automatic speech-is elongated during depressive episodes among endogenous depressives. Phonation time is unchanged. To follow up and expand earlier small-scale studies of these psychomotor findings we conducted a prospective determination of SPT among 24 unipolar (UP) depressives, 12(More)
Carroll et al. reported that an abnormal dexamethasone suppression test (DST) may identify approximately 50% of endogenous depressives and that normalization of the test occurs with clinical recovery. Brown et al. and Schlesser et al. have confirmed the diagnostic utility of the test. A preliminary study suggested that when the DST failed to normalize at(More)