Arlette Martinage

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Highly purified nuclei were obtained from human sperm without protein loss through the use of CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate), a newly available detergent. The basic protein complement of these nuclei is highly heterogeneous and comprises histones (some of which are testis-specific), protamines and proteins of intermediate(More)
1. The role played by the modification of protein in determining its fate is reported by us. 2. Post-translational modifications such as acetylation, phosphorylation, sulfation, methylation, hydroxylation, ADP-ribosylation, maturation, amidation, carboxylation, adenylylation, glycosylation, ubiquitination, and prenylation are extensively reviewed. 3. Each(More)
Two intermediate nuclear basic proteins HPS1 and HPS2 were isolated from human sperm. They were characterized by their electrophoretic mobility in acid-urea gels, their amino acid composition, and their peptide maps after digestion by endoproteinase Lys-C and by endoproteinase Glu-C. Their amino-terminal amino acid sequences have also been determined. The(More)
Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies specific for histones as well as sera directed against synthetic peptides of histones were used to probe the topography of chromatin subunits. In native chromatin, the regions corresponding to residues 130-135 of H3 and 6-18 of H2B were found to be exposed and able to interact with antibodies whereas the regions 26-35(More)
Two new toxins were purified from Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus (Lqh) scorpion venom, Lqh II and Lqh III. Lqh II sequence reveals only two substitutions, as compared to AaH II, the most active scorpion alpha-toxin on mammals from Androctounus australis Hector. Lqh III shares 80% sequence identity with the alpha-like toxin Bom III from Buthus occitanus(More)
In animal species, spermiogenesis, the late stage of spermatogenesis, is characterized by a dramatic remodelling of chromatin which involves morphological changes and various modifications in the nature of the nuclear basic proteins. According to the evolution of species, three situations can be observed: a) persistence of somatic histones or appearance of(More)
1. The "code-sequence" of N-glycosylation site(s), the amino acids located around O-glycosylation site(s), the sequence motifs of several kinases, the sequence motifs of--sulfation, amidation, isoprenylation, myristoylation, palmitoylation and N-acetylation, Aspartic and Asparagine hydroxylation-site, gamma-carboxyglutamate domain, phosphopantetheine(More)
Two novel toxins, Lqh6 and Lqh7, isolated from the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus, have in their sequence a molecular signature (8Q/KPE10) associated with a recently defined group of alpha-toxins that target Na channels, namely the alpha-like toxins [reviewed in Gordon, D., Savarin, P., Gurevitz, M. & Zinn-Justin, S. (1998) J.(More)
During mouse spermiogenesis, two protamines, mP1 and mP2, are synthesized in replacement of histones. One of them (protamine mP2, 63 residues) appears at first in elongating spermatid nuclei as a protamine of 106 residues (pmP2) with an amino-terminal extension that is progressively excised. The two protamines were previously described as the only proteins(More)
The amino acid sequence of rat thymus histone obtained in highly purified form by preparative electrophoresis, was determined. This sequence is identical to the sequence of calf thymus histone H2B. The in vitro phosphorylation of the rat histone with a cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase isolated from rat pancreas led to the identification of four sites of(More)