Arlene M. Smaldone

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OBJECTIVE Our goal was to identify characteristics associated with inadequate sleep for a national random sample of elementary school-aged children (6-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years). METHODS Data from 68418 participants in the 2003 National Survey of Children's Health were analyzed by using weighted bivariate and multivariate regression models.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is currently the gold standard for management of large renal calculi. PCNL is associated, however, with a higher complication rate, degree of risk, and longer recovery period compared with ureteroscopy. In a selected group of patients who were not ideal candidates for PCNL because of extenuating(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial issues related to diabetes, approaches to self-care, self-perceptions, and social interactions among insulin pump users with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Adult insulin pump users participated in focus groups loosely formed on the basis of A1C level. Transcripts of focus group(More)
BACKGROUND Recruiting pediatric samples for research may be challenging due to parental mistrust of the research process, privacy concerns, and family time constraints. Recruitment of children with chronic and genetic conditions may further complicate the enrollment process. OBJECTIVE In this paper, we describe the methodological challenges of recruiting(More)
BACKGROUND Self-monitoring is an integral component of many chronic diseases; however few theoretical frameworks address how individuals understand self-monitoring data and use it to guide self-management. PURPOSE To articulate a theoretical framework of sensemaking in diabetes self-management that integrates existing scholarship with empirical data. (More)
BACKGROUND Propensity score (PS) methods are increasingly being employed by researchers to reduce bias arising from confounder imbalance when using observational data to examine intervention effects. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine PS theory and methodology and compare application of three PS methods (matching, stratification,(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of children experiencing a continuum of inadequate sleep and its associations with child, family, and environmental variables. METHOD A secondary analysis of weighted responses of 68,418 parents or caregivers of children aged 6 to 17 years participating in the 2003(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the safety and effectiveness of primary care provided by advanced practice nurses (APNs) and evaluate the potential of their deployment to help alleviate primary care shortages. DATA SOURCES PubMed, Medline and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. (More)
Objective The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of health information technology (HIT) diabetes self-management education (DSME) interventions on glycemic control in medically underserved patients. Materials and Methods Following an a priori protocol, 5 databases were searched. Studies were appraised for quality(More)