Arlene I Greenspan

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OBJECTIVES To determine whether an intense tai chi (TC) exercise program could reduce the risk of falls more than a wellness education (WE) program in older adults meeting criteria for transitioning to frailty. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial of 48 weeks duration. SETTING Twenty congregate living facilities in the greater Atlanta area. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tai chi, a Chinese exercise derived from martial arts, while gaining popularity as an intervention for reducing falls in older adults, also may improve health status. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intense tai chi (TC) exercise could improve perceived health status and self-rated health (SRH) more than wellness(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine, in a cohort of older individuals transitioning to frailty (defined by Speechley and Tinetti, 1991) who have previously fallen, whether there are significant associations between demographic, functional, and behavioral characteristics and activity-related fear of falling, using both the Falls Efficacy Scale (FES) and the(More)
Arm amputees can experience the perception of movement of a phantom limb while looking at a mirror reflection of the moving, intact arm superimposed on the perceived phantom. Such use of a mirror to provide illusory visual feedback of movement can be useful in rehabilitation of hemiparetic patients. In this case report, we describe the successful(More)
About 63% of all traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur in teenagers and adults aged 15-64 years, the primary working population. Since reports of failure to return to work (FTRTW) vary, understanding the factors that influence FTRTW is key to improving work outcomes for this primarily working-age population. Our study sample consists of 343 previously(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES (1) To examine survivors with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for symptoms of avoidance and intrusion, two dimensions of post-traumatic stress (PTS) at 6 and 12 months post-injury. (2) To identify risk factors associated with these symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN Prospective follow-up study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Georgia and North Carolina(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the medical and rehabilitation service use of model systems by brain injured participants 1 to 3 months postdischarge from inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN Prospective follow-up study. SETTING Georgia Model Brain Injury System (GAMBIS). PARTICIPANTS Seventy-three GAMBIS subjects consenting to participate in the utilization(More)
This study used telephone interview data on booster seat use from a state-wide probability sample of parents with children ages 4-8-years-old who were living in Michigan. Interviews were completed with parents of children in 350 households. Analyses examined the entire sample, and three sub-groups: always users, part-time booster seat users, and booster(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the health status and psychological distress of gunshot injury victims 8 months after hospital discharge. METHODS Sixty patients admitted to a Level I trauma center for firearm-related injuries were interviewed during their hospitalization and again 8 months postdischarge. Health status was measured(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between gender and cognitive recovery 1 year following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS Patients with blunt TBI were identified from the TBI Model Systems of Care National Database, multi-centre cohort study. The included patients (n = 325) were 16-45 years at injury, admitted to an acute care facility within 24(More)