Arlene Hwang

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Cyclin B1 mRNA expression varies through the cell cycle with its peak in G2/M. In cycling mammalian cells, its lowest level is in G1 with a steady increase in S until a level 50-fold greater than that in G1 is reached. In order to characterize the transcriptional component to this variation in expression, we cloned the upstream region 872 base pairs(More)
Cyclin B1 mRNA is expressed temporally throughout the cell cycle with peak expression in G2 and M phase. Both transcriptional and posttranscriptional controls are important for this cell cycle-dependent regulation of cyclin B1 mRNA. In this study, we observed that cyclin B1 has two major transcripts: (a) a constitutively expressed transcript, and (b) a cell(More)
The phenomenon of damage tolerance, whereby cells incur DNA lesions that are nonlethal, largely ignored, but highly mutagenic, appears to play a key role in carcinogenesis. Typically, these lesions are generated by alkylation of DNA or incorporation of base analogues. This tolerance is usually a result of the loss of specific DNA repair processes, most(More)
Cells with functional DNA mismatch repair (MMR) stimulate G(2) cell cycle checkpoint arrest and apoptosis in response to N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). MMR-deficient cells fail to detect MNNG-induced DNA damage, resulting in the survival of "mutator" cells. The retrograde (nucleus-to-cytoplasm) signaling that initiates MMR-dependent G(2)(More)
Deficiencies in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) have been found in both hereditary cancer (i.e., hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) and sporadic cancers of various tissues. In addition to its primary roles in the correction of DNA replication errors and suppression of recombination, research in the last 10 years has shown that MMR is involved in many(More)
Exposure of cells to DNA damaging agents results in a G2 arrest. Exposure of HeLa cells to camptothecin, etoposide or nitrogen mustard for 1 h in S phase resulted in delayed expression of cyclin B1 mRNA during the G2 arrest. Initially the levels of cyclin B1 protein were low as well; however, with extended time the cells blocked in G2 regained higher levels(More)
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