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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to determine how combinations of noise levels and reverberation typical of ranges found in current classrooms will affect speech recognition performance of typically developing children with normal speech, language, and hearing and to compare their performance with that of adults with normal hearing. Speech(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical and laboratory measures of directional microphone benefit. Three methods of simulating a noisy restaurant listening situation ([1] a multimicrophone/multiloudspeaker simulation, the R-SPACE, [2] a single noise source behind the listener, and [3] a single noise source above the listener) were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of sound-direction identification in the horizontal plane by bilateral cochlear implant users when localization was measured with pink noise and with speech stimuli. DESIGN Eight adults who were bilateral users of Nucleus 24 Contour devices participated in the study. All had received implants(More)
Two experiments were carried out to determine how manipulating the compression ratio and release time of a single-band wide dynamic range hearing aid affects sound quality. In experiment I, compression ratio was varied over the range from linear to 10:1 (low compression threshold, attack time = 5 ms, release time = 200 ms). In experiment II, compression(More)
Paired-comparison judgments of quality were obtained from 20 hearing-impaired listeners for speech processed through simulated compression hearing aids varying in release time (60, 200, 1000 ms) at three different compression ratios (1.5, 2, 3:1) and for three different background noises (ventilation, apartment, cafeteria). Analysis revealed that the main(More)
The terminology used in studies documenting changes in auditory performance following fitting of hearing aids has been diverse. Definitions for the auditory deprivation effect and auditory acclimatization are offered as a first step in rationalization. Two statements summarize current knowledge concerning auditory deprivation effects and auditory(More)
Recordings of nonsense syllables (VCV construction) were presented to groups of children aged 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 years and young adults under monaural (reverberation time = 0.6s) and binaural (reverberation times = 0, 0.4, and 0.6 s) conditions of reverberation. Phoneme identification performance was affected by age, reverberation, and mode of presentation(More)
Paired-comparison judgments of intelligibility of speech in noise were obtained from eight hearing-impaired subjects on a large number of hearing aids simulated by a digital master hearing aid. The hearing aids which comprised a 5 X 5 matrix differed systematically in the amount of low-frequency and high-frequency gain provided. A comparison of three(More)
As advanced signal processing algorithms have been proposed to enhance hearing protective device (HPD) performance, it is important to determine how directional microphones might affect the localization ability of users and whether they might cause safety hazards. The effect of in-the-ear microphone directivity was assessed by measuring sound source(More)
Paired-comparison judgments of quality were obtained from 20 hearing-impaired listeners (half with a small dynamic range and half with a large dynamic range) for speech-in-noise (vent, apartment, and cafeteria) processed through a slow-acting compression hearing aid. Compression ratio was varied (1, 1.5, 2, 3, 5, and 10:1). Compression threshold, attack(More)