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In eukaryotic cells, nuclear export of nascent ribosomal subunits through the nuclear pore complex depends on the small GTPase Ran. However, neither the nuclear export signals (NESs) for the ribosomal subunits nor the receptor proteins, which recognize the NESs and mediate export of the subunits, have been identified. We showed previously that Nmd3p is an(More)
Nmd3p from yeast is required for the export of the large (60S) ribosomal subunit from the nucleus (Ho et al., 2000). Here, we show that Nmd3p forms a stable complex with free 60S subunits. Using an epitope-tagged Nmd3p, we show that free 60S subunits can be coimmunoprecipitated with Nmd3p. The interaction was specific for 60S subunits; 40S subunits were not(More)
The RAT1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a 5'-->3' exoribonuclease which plays an essential role in yeast RNA degradation and/or processing in the nucleus. We have cloned a previously uncharacterized gene (YGL246c) that we refer to as RAI1 (Rat1p interacting protein 1). RAI1 is homologous to Caenorhabditis elegans DOM-3 and human DOM3Z. Deletion of(More)
We characterized two essential putative GTPases, Nog1p and Lsg1p, that are found associated with free 60S ribosomal subunits affinity purified with the nuclear export adapter Nmd3p. Nog1p and Lsg1p are nucleolar and cytoplasmic, respectively, and are not simultaneously on the same particle, reflecting the path of Nmd3p shuttling in and out of the nucleus.(More)
In eukaryotic cells the final maturation of ribosomes occurs in the cytoplasm, where trans-acting factors are removed and critical ribosomal proteins are added for functionality. Here, we have carried out a comprehensive analysis of cytoplasmic maturation, ordering the known steps into a coherent pathway. Maturation is initiated by the ATPase Drg1.(More)
J-proteins and Hsp70 chaperones function together in diverse cellular processes. We identified a cytosolic J-protein, Jjj1, of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that is associated with 60S ribosomal particles. Unlike Zuo1, a 60S subunit-associated J-protein that is a component of the chaperone machinery that binds nascent polypeptide chains upon their exit from the(More)
In eukaryotes, nuclear export of the large (60S) ribosomal subunit requires the adapter protein Nmd3p to provide the nuclear export signal. Here, we show that in yeast release of Nmd3p from 60S subunits in the cytoplasm requires the ribosomal protein Rpl10p and the G-protein, Lsg1p. Mutations in LSG1 or RPL10 blocked Nmd3-GFP shuttling into the nucleus and(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae strand exchange protein 1 (Sep1; also referred to as Xrn1, Kem1, Rar5, or Stp beta) catalyzes the formation of hybrid DNA from model substrates in vitro. The protein is also a 5'-to-3' exonuclease active on DNA and RNA. Multiple roles for the in vivo function of Sep1, ranging from DNA recombination and cytoskeleton to RNA(More)
Strand exchange protein 1 (Sep1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzes the formation of heteroduplex DNA molecules from single-stranded circles and homologous linear duplex DNA in vitro. Previously, Sep1 was purified as a 132,000-Da species; however, DNA sequence analysis indicates that the SEP1 gene is capable of encoding a 175,000-Da protein (Tishkoff,(More)
Strand exchange protein 1 (Sep1) (also referred to as exoribonuclease I [Xrn1]) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been implicated in DNA recombination, RNA turnover, karyogamy, and G4 DNA pairing among other disparate cellular processes. Using a genetic approach to study the role of SEP1/XRN1 in mitotic yeast cells, we identified mutations in the genes(More)