Arlan Richardson

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We know a great deal about the cellular response to starvation via AMPK, but less is known about the reaction to nutrient excess. Insulin resistance may be an appropriate response to nutrient excess, but the cellular sensors that link these parameters remain poorly defined. In the present study we provide evidence that mitochondrial superoxide production is(More)
Oxidative damage to DNA increases with age in several tissues and animal models, and mitochondrial DNA has a higher level of oxidative damage than nuclear DNA. Dietary restriction extends lifespan and is associated with reduced levels of damage to mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. The effect of exercise on DNA damage appears to be related to the intensity of(More)
The nuclear transcription factor, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) is expressed at high levels in the liver and inhibits growth in cultured cells. We have tested the correlation between C/EBPalpha levels, cell cycle proteins and hepatocyte proliferation in old and young animals as an in vivo model system in which the proliferative response(More)
The cell-free protein synthesis by the postmitochondrial supernatant from chicken cerebrum was twofold greater than protein synthesis by the cerebellum or optic lobes. Ribosomal aggregation of mRNA and ribonuclease activity of the postmitochondrial supernatant from the three brain regions was not statistically different. The higher protein synthetic(More)
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