Arkady Vilenkin

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Cusps of superconducting strings can serve as GRB engines. A powerful beamed pulse of electromagnetic radiation from a cusp produces a jet of accelerated particles, whose propagation is terminated by the shock responsible for GRB. A single free parameter, the string scale of symmetry breaking η ∼ 10 14 GeV , together with reasonable assumptions about the(More)
Suppose that a d-dimensional domain is filled with a gas of (in general, interacting) diffusive particles with density n_{0}. A particle is absorbed whenever it reaches the domain boundary. Employing macroscopic fluctuation theory, we evaluate the probability P that no particles are absorbed during a long time T. We argue that the most likely gas density(More)
We investigate nonequilibrium fluctuations of a solid surface governed by the stochastic Mullins-Herring equation with conserved noise. This equation describes surface diffusion of adatoms accompanied by their exchange between the surface and the bulk of the solid, when desorption of adatoms is negligible. Previous works dealt with dynamic scaling behavior(More)
The position of an invasion front, propagating into an unstable state, fluctuates because of the shot noise coming from the discreteness of reacting particles and stochastic character of the reactions and diffusion. A recent macroscopic theory [Meerson and Sasorov, Phys. Rev. E 84, 030101(R) (2011)] yields the probability of observing, during a long time,(More)
We develop a numerical method for solving a free boundary problem which describes shape relaxation, by surface tension, of a long and thin bubble of an inviscid fluid trapped inside a viscous fluid in a Hele-Shaw cell. The method of solution of the exterior Dirichlet problem employs a classical boundary integral formulation. Our version of the numerical(More)
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