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The slow kinetics of G protein-activated K+ (GIRK) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes were studied in single-channel, inside-out membrane patches. Channels formed by GIRK1 plus GIRK4 subunits, which are known to form the cardiac acetylcholine (ACh)-activated GIRK channel (KACh), were activated by a near-saturating dose of G protein betagamma subunits(More)
Cell membrane fluctuations (CMF) of human erythrocytes, measured by point dark field microscopy, were shown to depend, to a large extent, on intracellular MgATP (Levin, S.V., and R. Korenstein. 1991. Biophys. J. 60:733-737). The present study extends that investigation and associates CMF with F-actin's ATPase activity. MgATP was found to reconstitute CMF in(More)
Enzymatic processing of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) is crucial in mediating physiological and pathological cell processes. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to effective physiological enzyme-ECM interactions remain elusive. Only scant information is available on the mode by which matrix proteases(More)
The roles of metal ions in promoting amyloid β-protein (Aβ) oligomerization associated with Alzheimer disease are increasingly recognized. However, the detailed structures dictating toxicity remain elusive for Aβ oligomers stabilized by metal ions. Here, we show that small Zn(2+)-bound Aβ1-40 (Zn(2+)-Aβ40) oligomers formed in cell culture medium exhibit(More)
Cell-wall peptidoglycan (PG) of Gram-positive bacteria is a strong and elastic multi-layer designed to resist turgor pressure and determine the cell shape and growth. Despite its crucial role, its architecture remains largely unknown. Here using high-resolution multiparametric atomic force microscopy (AFM), we studied how the structure and elasticity of PG(More)
A coating scheme was developed for enabling the operation of a GaAs-based Molecular Controlled Semiconductor Resistor (MOCSER) under biological conditions. Usually GaAs is susceptible to etching in an aqueous environment. Several methods of protecting the semiconductor based devices were suggested previously. However, even when protected, it is very(More)
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