Arkadii M. Slinko

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We investigate two systems of fully proportional representation suggested by Chamberlin & Courant and Monroe. Both systems assign a representative to each voter so that the “sum of misrepresentations” is minimized. The winner determination problem for both systems is known to be NP-hard, hence this work aims at investigating whether there are variants of(More)
A voting rule is an algorithm for determining the winner in an election, and there are several approaches that have been used to justify the proposed rules. One justification is to show that a rule satisfies a set of desirable axioms that uniquely identify it. Another is to show that the calculation that it performs is actually maximum likelihood estimation(More)
Whenever a structure with a particularly interesting computability-theoretic property is found, it is natural to ask whether similar examples can be found within well-known classes of algebraic structures, such as groups, rings, lattices, and so forth. One way to give positive answers to this question is to adapt the original proof to the new setting.(More)
We study the complexity of (approximate) winner determination underMonroe’s and ChamberlinCourant’s multiwinner voting rules, where we focus on the total (dis)satisfaction of the voters (the utilitarian case) or the (dis)satisfaction of the worstoff voter (the egalitarian case). We show good approximation algorithms for the satisfaction-based utilitarian(More)
1 Department of Combinatorics and Optimization University of Waterloo, Canada (e-mail: 2 Parameterized Complexity Research Unit, University of Newcastle, Australia (e-mail: 3 Parameterized Complexity Research Unit, University of Newcastle, Australia (e-mail: 4(More)
The concept of <i>distance rationalizability</i> has several applications within social choice. In the context of voting, it allows one to define ("rationalize") voting rules via a consensus class (roughly, a set of elections in which it is obvious who should win) and a distance function: namely, a candidate is said to be an election winner if it is ranked(More)
In voting theory, bribery is a form of manipulative behavior in which an external actor (the briber) offers to pay the voters to change their votes in order to get her preferred candidate elected. We investigate a model of bribery where the price of each vote depends on the amount of change that the voter is asked to implement. Specifically, in our model(More)
We consider the problem of manipulating elections via cloning candidates. In our model, a manipulator can replace each candidate c by one or more clones, i.e., new candidates that are so similar to c that each voter simply replaces c in his vote with the block of c’s clones. The outcome of the resulting election may then depend on how each voter orders the(More)