Arjun Vasant Balar

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BACKGROUND Patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma have few treatment options after failure of platinum-based chemotherapy. In this trial, we assessed treatment with atezolizumab, an engineered humanised immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody that binds selectively to programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), in this patient population. METHODS For this(More)
PURPOSE We sought to define the prevalence and co-occurrence of actionable genomic alterations in patients with high-grade bladder cancer to serve as a platform for therapeutic drug discovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS An integrative analysis of 97 high-grade bladder tumors was conducted to identify actionable drug targets, which are defined as genomic(More)
BACKGROUND First-line chemotherapy for patients with cisplatin-ineligible locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma is associated with short response duration, poor survival, and high toxicity. This study assessed atezolizumab (anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [PD-L1]) as treatment for metastatic urothelial cancer in cisplatin-ineligible patients.(More)
To explore associations of whole-lesion histogram diffusion metrics with pathologic findings and subsequent metastatic disease in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Twenty-three bladder cancer patients (21M, 2F; mean 70 ± 11 years) underwent MRI before cystectomy. A volume-of-interest was placed on all slices on the ADC map encompassing(More)
Since the advent of cisplatin-based combination therapy in the management of muscle-invasive and advanced bladder cancer, there has been little progress in improving outcomes for patients. Novel therapies beyond cytotoxic chemotherapy are needed. The neoadjuvant paradigm lends to acquiring ample pretreatment and posttreatment tumor tissue as a standard of(More)
Urothelial cancer has long been known as a chemotherapy-sensitive disease. However, clinical trial data to date suggest a plateau to the magnitude of benefit from cytotoxic therapy alone. In spite of level 1 evidence supporting cisplatin-based chemotherapy for patients with muscle-invasive and metastatic urothelial cancer, underuse prevails among patients(More)
FGFR3 mutations are common in low-grade urothelial carcinoma and represent a potential therapeutic target in this disease. Their incidence and functional role in high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC), which displays an increased propensity for recurrence and muscularis propria invasion, is less well defined. We developed a mass spectrometry-based(More)
Bladder cancer is a common malignancy seen in older adults with coexisting medical illnesses. The management of patients with muscle invasive disease includes perioperative chemotherapy and radical cystectomy; however, patients may decline surgery and older patients with comorbid conditions may not be candidates for surgery and thus alternative treatment(More)
Invasive urothelial cancer is an aggressive, biologically heterogeneous disease. Most patients present with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer involving the epithelium as exophytic tumors, in situ carcinoma, or minimally invasive disease involving the lamina propria. Such patients are typically managed with complete transurethral resection with or without(More)