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Olfactory sensory neurons converge onto glomeruli in the olfactory bulb (OB) to form modular information processing units. Similar input modules are organized in translaminar columns for other sensory modalities. It has been less clear in the OB whether the initial modular organization relates to a columnar structure in the deeper layers involved in local(More)
A central question about the brain is how information is processed by large populations of neurons embedded in intricate local networks. Answering this question requires not only monitoring functional dynamics of many neurons simultaneously, but also interpreting such activity patterns in the context of neuronal circuitry. Here, we introduce a versatile(More)
Olfactory glomeruli are the loci where the first odor-representation map emerges. The glomerular layer comprises exquisite local synaptic circuits for the processing of olfactory coding patterns immediately after their emergence. To understand how an odor map is transferred from afferent terminals to postsynaptic dendrites, it is essential to directly(More)
Preclinical detection of Alzheimer disease is critical to determining at-risk individuals in order to improve patient and caregiver planning for their futures and to identify individuals likely to benefit from treatment as advances in therapeutics develop over time. Identification of olfactory dysfunction at the preclinical and early stages of the disease(More)
In the past decade, much has been elucidated regarding the functional organization of the axonal connection of olfactory sensory neurons to olfactory bulb (OB) glomeruli. However, the manner in which projection neurons of the OB process odorant input and send this information to higher brain centers remains unclear. Here, we report long-range, large-scale(More)
The olfactory glomerulus is the locus of information transfer between olfactory sensory neurons and output neurons of the olfactory bulb. Juxtaglomerular cells (JGCs) may influence intraglomerular processing by firing plateau potentials that support multiple spikes. It is unclear what inward currents mediate this firing pattern. In previous work, we(More)
Odor identity is encoded by the activity of olfactory bulb glomeruli, which receive primary sensory input and transfer it to projection neurons. Juxtaglomerular cells (JGCs) may influence glomerular processing via firing of long lasting plateau potentials. Though inward currents have been investigated, little is known regarding potassium current(More)
Understanding the intrinsic membrane properties of juxtaglomerular (JG) cells is a necessary step toward understanding the neural basis of olfactory signal processing within the glomeruli. We used patch-clamp recordings and two-photon Ca(2+) imaging in rat olfactory bulb slices to analyze a long-lasting plateau potential generated in JG cells and(More)
America's embattled primary care system is nearing the breaking point. Primary care clinicians are expected to provide continuity of care for patients within an increasingly fractionated medical environment. They face ever-expanding hours with no corresponding rise in reimbursement rates, leading to high levels of job-related dissatisfaction. And while much(More)
Viral tracing identifies distributed columnar organization in the olfactory bulb Processing and classification of chemical data inspired by insect olfaction including high-resolution figures, can be found at: Updated information and services