Arjan A. van de Loosdrecht

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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase degrades the amino acid tryptophan which is essential for T cells. Tryptophan depletion causes T-cell cycle arrest and solid tumors that express high levels of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase can create immune suppression. Recently, blasts of patients with acute myeloid leukemia were shown to express indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. We(More)
OBJECTIVES Poor survival of patients with a haematological malignancy admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) prompts for proper admission triage and prediction of ICU treatment failure and long-term mortality. We therefore tried to find predictors of the latter outcomes. METHODS A retrospective analysis of charts and a prospective follow-up study were(More)
Therapeutic vaccination with dendritic cells (DC) is an emerging investigational therapy for eradication of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia. Various strategies are being explored in manufacturing DC vaccines ex vivo, e.g., monocyte-derived DC (MoDC) loaded with leukemia-associated antigens (LAA). However, the optimal source of LAA and the(More)
BACKGROUND Disease recurrence in patients with acute myeloid leukemia may be partially explained by the escape of leukemic blasts from CD4(+) T-cell recognition. The current study investigates the role of aberrant HLA class II antigen presentation on leukemic blasts by determining both the clinical and functional impact of the class II-associated invariant(More)
During HLA class II synthesis in antigen-presenting cells, the invariant chain (Ii) not only stabilizes HLA class II complexes in the endoplasmic reticulum, but also mediates their transport to specialized lysosomal antigen-loading compartments termed MIICs. This study explores an alternative HLA class II presentation pathway in leukemic blasts that(More)
The diagnosis, classification, and prognostication of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are usually based on clinical parameters, analysis of peripheral blood and bone marrow smears, and cytogenetic determinants. However, a thorough histologic and immunohistochemical examination of the bone marrow is often required for a final diagnosis and(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) vaccination is a potent therapeutic approach for inducing tumor-directed immunity, but challenges remain. One of the particular interest is the induction of an immune response targeting multiple (unknown) tumor-associated antigens (TAA), which requires a polyvalent source of TAA. Previously, we described the preferred use of apoptotic(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies show the importance of interactions between CD47 expressed on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and the inhibitory immunoreceptor, signal regulatory protein-alpha (SIRPα) on macrophages. Although AML cells express SIRPα, its function has not been investigated in these cells. In this study we aimed to determine the role of the(More)
Priming of PRAME-and WT1-specific CD8+ T cells in healthy donors but not in AML patients in complete remission: Implications for immunotherapy. Active immunotherapy may prevent the relapse of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by inducing leukemia-specific t cells. Here, we investigated whether Wilms' tumor 1 (Wt1) and preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma(More)
Divergent autologous T cell responses to leukaemic dendritic cells during remission in acute promyelocytic leukaemia To the Editor: Most acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blasts fail to present antigens to T cells due to, e.g., downreg-ulation of MHC molecules and lack of expression of co-stimulatory molecules [7]. Lack of these molecules prevents cross(More)