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We have crystallized the ascomycete laccase from Melanocarpus albomyces with all four coppers present and determined the crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution. The enzyme is heavily glycosylated and consists of three cupredoxin-like domains, similar to those found in the Cu-depleted basidiomycete laccase from Coprinus cinereus. However, there are(More)
Hydrophobins are proteins specific to filamentous fungi. Hydrophobins have several important roles in fungal physiology, for example, adhesion, formation of protective surface coatings, and the reduction of the surface tension of water, which allows growth of aerial structures. Hydrophobins show remarkable biophysical properties, for example, they are the(More)
Hydrophobins are highly surface-active proteins that are specific to filamentous fungi. They function as coatings on various fungal structures, enable aerial growth of hyphae, and facilitate attachment to surfaces. Little is known about their structures and structure-function relationships. In this work we show highly organized surface layers of(More)
Carbohydrate-protein interactions govern many crucial life processes involved in cell recognition events, but are often difficult to study because the interactions are weak, and multivalent exposure appears to be crucial for their biological function. We have used self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of neoglycoconjugates as a model system to probe the specific(More)
Hydrophobins are amphiphilic proteins produced by filamentous fungi. They function in a variety of roles that involve interfacial interactions, as in growth through the air-water interface, adhesion to surfaces, and formation of coatings on various fungal structures. In this work, we have studied the formation of films of the class II hydrophobin HFBI from(More)
We present an approach where biomolecular self-assembly is used in combination with lithography to produce patterns of metallic nanoparticles on a silicon substrate. This is achieved through a two-step method, resulting in attachment of nanoparticles on desired sites on the sample surfaces, which allowed a detailed characterization. First, a genetically(More)
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has been used to assay the roles of amino acid residues in the substrate binding cleft of Trichoderma harzianum chitinase Chit42, which belongs to the glycoside hydrolase family 18 (GH-18). Nine different Chit42 variants having amino acid mutations along the binding site cleft at subsites -4 to +2 were created and(More)
Improved ways to cleave peptide chains at engineered sites easily and specifically would form useful tools for biochemical research. Uses of such methods include the activation or inactivation of enzymes or the removal of tags for enhancement of recombinant protein expression or tags used for purification of recombinant proteins. In this work we show by gel(More)
Hydrophobins represent an important group of proteins from both a biological and nanotechnological standpoint. They are the means through which filamentous fungi affect their environment to promote growth, and their properties at interfaces have resulted in numerous applications. In our study we have combined protein docking, molecular dynamics simulation,(More)
Enzymes can be used to enable a specific and controlled approach for structural modifications of protein networks in food technology. Enzymatically induced cross-links between proteins in the continuous phase and/or at interfaces result in better stabilisation and enhanced material properties in foams and emulsions. In this work the interfacial properties(More)